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Black fellas: A place for men of all shades

2013.06.02 06:44 Capitan_Amazing Black fellas: A place for men of all shades

Everyone is free to contribute to this community - just keep in mind the main purpose of this sub is to contribute positively to a Black community on Reddit.
[link]


2020.09.19 11:54 pog99 Ryan Faulk distorts Segregation/Jim Crow.

See the original article and the garbage it inspired.
If you were to find the about page of his blog, you would know that he defends the blog from promoting white supremacy by simply reporting the facts. A strict reading could put together that it doesn't mean that one couldn't defend or rationalize past systems of white supremacy. I've recently revisited and clarified the issues of his Slave trade article, and soon I plan on talking about multiple issues with his slavery article as well, so today I will do the same with this one.
The running theme of the piece is that disparities during Jim Crow either couldn't be explained specifically by segregation, or that disparities came larger after the 1960s thus segregation as a factor is ruled out. The problems are that -
  1. For each aspect that he measures, he doesn't tie it to a specific expert claim on how Segregation played a role in the disparity.
  2. He doesn't account for post-1960s factors that causes the persisting or larger disparity, and assumes post-1960s is a systematically neutral control.
  3. For certain disparities he compares, they are inappropriate and are not indicative of what he purports.
And for the record, no, he doesn't actually talk about voting or juror restriction by race.
The article-
We first get a rationalization of his analysis.
When I was younger, I would read world atlases. And sometimes I would come to an article, say an article on the country Colombia, and it would say that Colombia is a world leader in coffee production, then list off some other “cash crops”. Then it would go into the growing textiles sector, and mention that it has some problem with debt. Maybe it’s a leading producer of phosphates as well or something. And if you read all of this qualitative, subjective description, you would never realize that Colombia was poor. It’s not until you got to “per capita GDP” that you would discover that it was $3,000 per capita.
You could also have someone qualitatively describe a football game between Auburn and Alabama. And they could do highlights, and describe some of the big plays, and you wouldn’t know that Alabama completely steamrolled Auburn until you looked at the box score.
Or imagine if your son was “describing” qualitatively and subjectively how he was doing in his classes. As a parent you don’t care, you want to see the damn grades.
And so the effects of segregation on blacks. What does the data say? Because in school when segregation is taught, it’s the equivalent of describing a football game by just looking at the highlights and not the box score. It’s cat-lady storytime.
Well, there are a few big go-to topics that popped into my mind to try to quantify the effects of segregation on blacks: cops and courts, schools, income and lynching. So that’s what I go-to’d.

1. Incarceration rate
The incarceration rate for blacks relative to whites has increased at least since 1930, probably long before that. So in terms of blacks being targeted for being sent to prison, it looks like they were substantially less targeted compared to today.
So if the legal systems were unfair during segregation, they appear to be even more unfair today. Or perhaps they weren’t unfair during segregation, are unfair today, or perhaps the laws are different today in a way that disparately impacts blacks more than they did in the past.
There are all sorts of things we can speculate, but it’s not immediately or obviously apparent, from the data, that the legal system was particularly keen on incarcerating blacks compared to today.
So for those of you more keen on race and mass incarceration, you would know that this is particularly strong in Northern Urban regions rather than the South. A whole demographic transition occurred that accounted for it.
Not to mention he never actually looked for studies that purport to address biases during Jim Crow. What does he find through is roundabout ways?
2. Prison sentences
For prison sentences, the numbers have been remarkably stable. When you look at length of prison terms for blacks compared to whites after the FIRST release from prison, it’s very close.
The first release data is important because none of these are repeat offenders. Repeat offenders get more time, and blacks are more likely to be repeat offenders.
That said, based on the data below, blacks serve roughly ~15% longer prison terms for their first term. It could be because the crimes blacks commit within each category are, on average, more severe. It could be racial bias on the part of judges.
Or it could be that blacks have worse courtroom behavior, as when IQ is controlled for, the racial gap in prison sentences goes away.
But what you don’t see is blacks having longer prison sentences during segregation.
Black Multiple of White Median Time Served For ALL Releases in State and Federal Prisons
Now what if we looked at median prison time served just in the South, and back in 1937 – smack in the middle of “Jim Crow” – and included repeat offenders, of which black inmates are a higher proportion today? The result is not that much different from the entire US today:
Black Multiple of White Median Time Served For ALL Releases in 14 Southern States in State and Federal Prisons
Remember, the 1937 data is JUST from the South, supposedly the hot seat of bigotry, and includes repeat offenders.
Homicide data is an unweighted average of each category. In 1937 and 1952 they used Murder and Manslaughter, in 1964 they just had Homicide, and in 2009 they had Murder, Negligent Manslaughter and Non-Negligent Manslaughter.
In case you think I am cherry-picking the years to paint a particular narrative, these are literally just the years used in the Bureau of Justice report I am citing.
And so what we can see is that the black-white incarceration gap is wider today than it was in 1930. In addition, the racial gap in sentence length for first offenders does not appear to have changed at all. Even the data that INCLUDED repeat offenders just in the South in 1937 doesn’t differ that much from the first-time offender data nationally and later.
And so this makes the idea that the current US legal system was more biased against blacks during segregation than it is today SEEM false.
So this is a good example of a data point that doesn't correspond to a specific Civil Rights claim for Jim Crow relative to the post-1960s. Mass incarceration is usually shown as being a post 1960s phenomenon of bias as a particular, in connection to Blacks increasing presence in the North. His source supports it. On page 88.
The median time served for the total was 17 days. For blacks the median was 2 days longer, 19 days. Interestingly, there were larger differences between whites and blacks in time served in the North than in the South. The median time served in the North for whites was 18 days and for blacks a full week longer, 25 days. In the South the median was 17 days for blacks and 16 days for whites. Looking at time served by offense, these differences continue.
Typical civil rights claims are in regard the lack of Black Jurors deals with not simply length of prison time but biases towards choosing conviction by a white jury relative to a comparable white defendant, which this doesn't study.
Therefore, the proper way how to study this would be conviction rates in the same region overtime, such as the South, and compared between different types of juries and defendants. I lack data on this, but one form of bias I have found was application of the death Penalty for rape in the South from the 1930s to the 1960s was harsher not just for Black Criminals, but for Black criminals accused ofraping whites. In further detail, 13% of Black rapists in 11 southern states received the death penalty compared to 2% of whites.
Decreases in overall non-white (likely black) executions, by his source, decreased sharply after the 1960s. Overtime, rates of executions decreased even though crime increased into this period. Mind you, there were death penalty changes around this time.
This source, btw, contains a variety of measurements by race during Jim Crow into the present that could suggest bias outside of merely prison sentences.

3. Lynching
A related topic to this is lynching. From Richard M. Perloff, Professor of Communication at Cleveland State University:
“Approximately 4,742 individuals were lynched between 1882 and 1968; of the victims, 3,445 or 73 percent were Black.”
All lynchings were in response to a claimed offense, such as a rape or stealing cattle. Blacks were 72.65% of all recorded lynchings while being ~26.87% of the population of the South at the time.
The Black population of the Southern US 1880-1970 averages 26.87% at each decade. And so based on their population alone, if lynchings were race-neutral, and we knew nothing about race differences in violent crime going in, we would expect 26.87% of all lynchings to be of blacks. Blacks comprised 72.65% of all lynchings, giving them a representation 2.70 times their population.
However, according to wikipedia, most lynchings occurred between 1882 and 1920, and during that time period the average black population was 31.76% of the southern US population. Using this number, blacks as a percentage of lynchings are only 2.29 times their percentage of the population.
If we split the difference and just say that the black population of the south was 29.32% of the total population, then blacks as a percentage of lynchings was 2.48 times their percentage of the population.
By comparison, in 2010, blacks comprised 12.6% of the total US population, but were 38.13% of the population charged for violent crimes, giving them a representation 3.03 times their population.
And so by raw numbers the lynch mobs appear to be slightly less racially targeting than the current US legal system is. Here are those numbers put in a table:
So when I first read this I thought he was comparing lynchings to police shootings. The second time shows me how asinine he is. This is a good example of an inappropriate comparison.
Being charged with a crime isn't the same as a lynching, lynchings are categorized by the source he originally used for sentencing as an execution, one of the trends that decreased in rates for blacks and as established was higher in the South in ways suggestive of bias.
From his source-
Almost three-fourths (73 percent) of those lynched between 1890 and 1962 (the date of the last recorded lynching) were black, and in the same period, 54 percent of those executed were nonwhite. About 90 percent of those dying under State authority were executed for homicide. Only 41 percent of illegal lynchings were for homicide (Tables 2-1 and 2-2).
This is more or less consistent with my studies showing that, in the South, rape (the next largest portion of lynching offenses After Homicide) was disproportionately applied to black men with death.
Lynchings, as well decreased in accordance with campaigning against it as established in my Dwight Murphey post. This would be an example of civil rights interacting with oppression.

4. Income
This is where arguments regarding the negative effects of segregation start to have some backing in data. Looking at census data from 1948, we can see that black income as a proportion of white income went from around 44% in 1948 to about 80% in 2000. This looks like a massive effect from desegregation on it’s face:
📷
However, there is some interesting data from 1880. If you just look within regions, the racial gap is much less. At that time, black workers earned on median 37% of what white workers earned. However, if you just looked at the south, blacks earned 58% of what white workers earned. So just with that regional control we’re already almost half way to the current black-white income ratio.
Population and wage income by race and region in 1880
But the paper did something else – it looked at black labor income relative to whites, but just looked a rural southern whites and blacks, and only looked at labor income. And in that instance, black income was 89% of white income:
📷
And so when you look at the same region, and the same kind of work, and just compare the wages of workers, the black-white income gap in the rural South was only 11%, lower than it is today. And that difference could very plausibly be due to blacks having fewer skills on average in 1880.
I would be interested to see similar thin slices just looking at urban blacks in the south vs. urban whites in the south, and urban blacks in the north to urban whites in the north. I suspect that the more you held constant region and urban/rural divide, the smaller the racial gap would be.
Which is to say, that it seems like much of the black-white income gap could have been a function of blacks living in rural areas (which were poorer back then) and living in the south (which was poorer back then).
In addition, we can see that the narrowing of the black-white income gap roughly corresponds with blacks moving out of the south. This is not a 1:1 correlation, but it is does suggest that simply moving out of the south), which began in earnest around 1910, is part of the explanation for the narrowing of the black-white income gap:
📷
And in the north, where more of the blacks were slaves who had earned their freedom before 1865, black wages as a proportion of white wages were higher. In fact blacks in the north were wealthier than whites in the south for quite some time.
Moreover, the narrowing of the black-white income gap at the national level occurred almost entirely during segregation. So to say that the smaller amount of narrowing that occurred following desegregation was in fact a result of desegregation is something that sounds kinda plausible – there’s certainly a little story you can tell – but there’s very little data for it. The most you could say is that there was a brief acceleration of the narrowing of the black-white income gap immediately after 1965, but that could be a coincidence, and even if you want to say it was a result of the civil rights act, then the acceleration versus a continuation of the previous trend is still only going to be like 2%.
Now as for why the black-white income gap narrowed from 1948 (at least) to 2000, that’s another topic. I suspect much of it has to do with the economic rise of the south and the migration of blacks away from the rural economy. Also this higher income may not have corresponded with a rise in living standards relative to whites since the cost of living may have increased, but that’s more speculative. But desegregation doesn’t appear to have any relevance to it.
So even the narrowing of the black-white income gap, long touted as prime evidence that segregation was previously suppressing black wages, the evidence is not so clear on that.
So, he decreased the gap however in a way that was not applied to the modern gap, therefore makes his comparison null.
He spends most of this section explaining factors pertaining to geography and the like explaining the gap, even though it's existence is tied to both slavery and the economic and educational limitations of the South for Blacks. This can be seen in the lack of second generation benefits of white migrants relative to black migrants, those born in the North being positively selected for those returning to the South, and the steeper reduction in poverty among southern Blacks due to migrants that returned to the South.
Likewise, despite his claims that Northern Blacks being richer than Southern Whites, he doesn't produce a chart or study showing that.
5. Wealth and Employment
Two more things to consider is that up until the 1950’s blacks had employment rates similar to that of whites. And the unemployment rate in blacks grew much more after 1965:
📷
And in terms of wealth, black wealth as a proportion of white wealth has remained stagnant since 1963:
Moreover, I would say that the absolute disparity is more important than the black-white ratio. Because lets say you have $10 and Bob has $100. That’s a $90 gap. Depending on your job, that’s a day’s wage, or half a day’s wage. Now if you have $100 and Bob has $900, now you’re looking at multiple days’ wage. And so on and so on. So even though the relation is the same, the practical importance of the gap is growing. Also just the total dollar amount difference is increasing. And these are all in “2013 dollars”, which adjusts for inflation.
And so when people say that the relative economic situation of blacks has improved relative to whites since segregation, they’re looking at one thing: nominal income at the national level. They’re not looking at employment, at wealth, or how much, if at all, the income gap has narrowed when controlling for what region of the country we’re looking at, or if it’s urban or rural.
While this is worth pointing out, it fails to account for complex factors of the great migration. While gains were present, unemployment increased due to urban living and relatively higher demands in skill compared to the South. This can be seen by actually referencing the study he pulls the chart from, where changes in unemployment occur earlier and become starker outside of the South.
What is also interesting his how an earlier study done by one of the researchers of the 1999 study he cites notes how human capital can't explain as much of the gap in the North as it can in the South.
6. Schools
Another argument that segregation depressed black economic success is their lower school funding. On average, from 1890 to 1950, the average of how much each state spent on black schools as a proportion of what they spent on white schools was 56.96%. So they had less funding.
But funding for what? For “better teachers”? What’s a “better teacher”? What has been found in the US is that increased real spending on schools has not increased overall performance since the 1970s, and more importantly voucher studies have shown that the school an individual goes to has no real impact on either GPA, standardized test scores or future college attendance.
So the fact that additional funding didn’t matter in 1970 is one thing. But did it matter from 1870 to 1954?
Well, we don’t have regular standardized tests from that time period, but we do have a nationally representative IQ test done in 1917 for all US army conscripts for World War 1. In it blacks scored a median of 83 compared to the white score that was set to 100. Today the black median is still at 85. Okay, two points. And my guess is they were hollow for “g” anyway.
Certainly there were journalists at the time who did “investigative journalism” and wrote anecdotal reports of how bad the black schools were. Michael Moore does “investigative journalism” today too about how great the Cuban healthcare system is. Walter Duranty visited the USSR in the 1930s and came back writing glowing reviews of the benevolent, if firm, policies of Stalin.
Maybe they were telling the truth, maybe they were making things up, who knows.
Black schools were probably worse But the question is how much worse really? And for most people, did it even matter? Most of what people learn in school they forget anyway, so aside from literacy and basic math, the practical importance of school would be minimal for most people at that time.
And the culture of school credentials as a signal to employers hadn’t developed yet, so at the time any “educational disadvantages” blacks had, whatever they were and if any, would not matter in terms of credential-signaling because that hadn’t developed yet, and in terms of knowledge beyond basic literacy and math – that all gets forgotten anyway.
So....lets review.
  1. He could've mentioned the Coleman Report but didn't. This is a pretty major study in this particular field of social science, so for Faulk to miss something crucial to grounding his point only demonstrates his lack of familiarity with the material.
  2. I'm going to to assume, since the link is dead, that the studies referenced in that link doesn't account for how money is spent.
  3. His study cites work from a cosumer behavior course, not actual studies on schools.
  4. A recent study shows that for Jim Crow, school quality accounts for the majority of the wage gap for the era.
  5. Actual tracking of changes in school quality supports the conclusion.
  6. Previous data given regarding the Great Migration would indicate that education and a market to use it made generational different for blacks, even considering selection.
7. Countrymen?
This section is a bit of a digression. In a broader sense, blacks weren’t seen as legitimate countrymen to some extent for some time in the region. And so since the blacks were viewed as “foreigners” to southern whites, who to some extent viewed northern whites as foreigners as well, they didn’t think they owed the blacks equal school funding any more than they owed people from Peru or Romania or China equal school funding.
I.e. the black-white gap in school funding meant as much to them as the american-chinese gap in school funding, as both the Chinese and the blacks were foreign to the southern whites.
Now you can have whatever opinion you want about it, and say that blacks were rightful countrymen of southern whites, and really pound your fists in self-righteous certainty about it because you “know it to be true”. That’s certainly your viewpoint.
But understand that it is just your viewpoint, and when you realize that the southern whites viewed blacks the way we look at illegal immigrants today, and that the times during which either repatriation of blacks to Africa or creating a separate black country out of land in the US were serious proposals were still in living memory at the time.
Today blacks have been part of the US for so long that such proposals probably seem bizarre to you. And they would bizarre and cruel if implemented today. But also remember that the US had to impose military governments in the south in order to pass the 14th amendment that gave the blacks citizenship. And Oregon, New Jersey and Ohio renounced their ratification of the 14th amendment after the fact in protest of this action.
Obviously is was a symbolic gesture, but it showed that opposition to the way the 14th amendment was passed wasn’t considered some kooky fringe idea at the time. Of course it is now because if you bring up the use of military governments in passing the 14th amendment – well, “only racists talk about that”, so it just gets dismissed.
But yes, understand that the 14th amendment was seen like granting “amnesty” to the illegals is today – it would be creating an alternative method of granting citizenship for a specific group of non-citizens in the US today.
(And the fact that more whites supported granting citizenship to the black slaves at the time than supporting granting amnesty to illegals today is support for a theory I have about whites in the past being more “neurologically left-wing” even if they would be considered today to hold “far-right” positions by today’s standards.)
  1. Despite whatever perceptions American whites had about Americans blacks, it doesn't change the facts were that blacks were not comparable to the Chinese at the time. The cultural gaps and their economic history on a racial basis doesn't justify it.
  2. The basis of historical relativism in this case was seeming argued further in his MLK video, now deleted. That is, as argued by others before, whites didn't have to pay taxes for Black schools. This causes obvious problems as the average black had only limited wealth to tax in large part due to limited skills.
Faulk's self prophesied Conclusion-
So, what do we learn from his conclusions? He bizarrely begins with a tangent on the Zimmerman and Wilson trials and the correlated of media knowledge.
Some excerpts.
The jurors certainly knew more facts about each case than the general public did. Moreover, whites are more likely to believe Zimmerman and Wilson were justified, and whites do better on tests of current events knowledge. In addition, males, who do better on current events knowledge tests than females, also were more satisfied with the Zimmerman verdict than women, and women do worse on current events knowledge tests. Also, people with higher education levels approved the verdict as well.
Thus, all three factors that correlate with general political and current events knowledge (being white, being male and having lots of time in school) also correlate with approving the Zimmerman trial verdict. And the people who had the MOST knowledge – the jurors – unanimously found Zimmerman not guilty.
If you go by the literature in news media talking about “institutional racism” and “white privilege”, it’s not immediately obvious that the aggregate of all media is any less obsessed with the plight of the coloreds than they were in 1964. Maybe they were, but I have no way to really tell.
Do you see it? Do you see that lack of any real transition? Maybe some further comment can help.
But lets say Derrick Wilson killed “the gentle giant” in 1961. There was no internet in 1961, what you knew about the events was what a few major news outlets chose to report. As it happens, a jury also found J.W. Milam and Roy Bryant not guilty of murder in their killing of Emmett Till. And what do you know about that event? Do the facts you know of the Emmett Till verdict seem to paint a one-sided story to where it is unbelievable, yes, unbelievable that a jury would find Bryant and Milam not guilty?
Once again we have a comparison that isn't proper. The modern day examples leaves no ambiguity as to who killed who, it was a matter of whether the killing was justified or not.
The Emmett Till situation was vastly different, since the matter of whether or not Till was killed, whether or not Milam and Bryant were guilty, or exactly what happened between Till and Bryant in the store. Her own account only goes as far as to say that she was grabbed by the waist, while press releases by the defense/police was explicitly more violent. Both stories differ from her original account to her lawyers. Even the officer who initially believed that the body belonged to Till changed his mind when the town's reputation began to be tarnished.
Furthermore, even if we are to treat the Till case like the modern day examples, it only shows the hairiness of the case itself. Despite the defense being that Till is not confirmed dead, and that the brothers were innocent of murder, part of their defense regarding Till's actions and the release of Louis Till's rape record by politicians shows a blatant message. That even if the brothers killed Till, it was justified despite nonetheless being illegal.
Anyone, however, can read the various sources that talks about the issue at length. Personally I have Devery Anderson's most recent book.
Because we all know that the courts in the South were incredibly unfair to the blacks? Except there’s no real data to support that at the time,
In regards to death penalties, legal and illegal, for interracial rape, we do. This is supported, along with the data, In regards to changing testimonies in the case of Till, from the police, we do. From the fact that shortly afterward another white on black murder with a white witness (and multiple black ones) claiming otherwise. Said white was not only a friend of the defendants of the Till case, but was defended by the same officer who doubted the corpse's identity.
Point is that an entire survey of the south as a premise of bias is unnecessary (though supportive) of bias. The specific town where the crime took place has plenty of evidence of bias during the trial stemming from community values.
and victim surveys from modern times correspond with the police arrest rates, and police are more likely to kill a white person in any given arrest situation, are more likely to shoot blacks in simulations, and the black percentage of killing cops is higher than their percentage of being killed by cops. And in fact the black incarceration rate relative to whites is HIGHER than it was during segregation.
Irrelevant to the context of Till, a circumstance so legally unique from the above examples it shows Faulk's ignorance. The only connection is the matter of white credibility in modern settings verses in the context of a particular case.
As shown in previous articles, modern “institutional racism” in terms of police and court bias, callbacksand educational opportunities are very easily revealed to be phantasms – or at the very least the issue of whether or not they exist is much more complex than the basic statistics you hear on tumblr and huffpo posts would suggest.
Both articles are shitty, see United Left on the school vouchers argument.
Recent studies have shown that residential racial segregation has increased in the United States. This is an improvement over older studies which simply looked at cities and the percentage of each race in the cities. These newer methods actually look at the likelihood of you having a neighbor of a different race, and find that racial segregation is increasing.
So it's basically comparing two different types of "segregation", the conventional method comparing pre-1960s trends nonetheless decreasing.
We already know that schools are more segregated than they were during the late 1960s. Now this is a profound thing; you’ve been to school. You had first hand experience with how racially segregated they were. THAT was close to what it was like during Jim Crow that we hear so many stories about. So… how segregated did it seem?
Again, misleading headline.
In other places on this site, Sean and I make arguments about how currently, blacks and hispanics are not getting a raw deal in employment, courts or education. But what surprised me was just how much, looking into the past, the old days seem so similar to today in terms of the lot of blacks compared to whites.
They are drawn parallel. The past is not far away, it’s right here. 60 years ago was yesterday.
Only your superficial understanding of the 1960s, or any decade before.
submitted by pog99 to badhistory [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 04:42 crabbyonejohn Help with missing package

I need help dealing with an issue with FedEx. I purchased a laptop screen to fix one so a kid could go back to school. Item shipped with 2 day delivery and was on delivery truck Thursday 8/13/20 but never delivered. Next day the web site says delivery date pending. I opened a claim and the following Wed-8/19/20, I get a call asking if it had been delivered. I said no and the rep said the claim would be escalated. Not 5 minutes later I get an email saying it was delivered the Thursday prior (8/13/20). I was home and they never came. Seller says it was delivered so no refund. On 9/1/20 FedEx closed the claim with no reason and didn't even review the info I sent (claim closed before I could send it).
Roll forward to 9/15/20-my mail carrier comes up and drops off a FedEx package she found on the side of the road. I open the package (water stained, beaten, abused) and the screen is destroyed. It looked like someone ran over it several times. The seller only has a 30 day return policy and we are past that already. I contact FedEx and since it was outside the 30 day damage policy, they say there is nothing they can do.
FWIW, the delivery came from the Kernersville, NC distribution center, so right off the bat, I knew there was trouble-they have lost shipments to me already this year. I am contemplating driving to the Kernersville distribution center (30 minute drive) and speaking with the manager and showing him the video of the USPS delivery woman bringing the FedEx package, email and and Ring videos of anyone entering my residence the day they claim it was delivered. Or should I give it to the local news who already did a story on the Kernersville plant and let them run with it? I am out the $80 either way, so I have nothing to loose. FedEx has already lost where I work as a delivery/shipping service and I have friends in the area that are boycotting them as well due to this.
submitted by crabbyonejohn to FedEx [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 18:12 TheGeckoWrangler Item for Auction: The Spider Vase

Hello once more dear patrons, and welcome again to the Red Moth Auction Hall! Today’s item is quite perfect for the artifact enthusiast. But before we get to the item, any and all new patrons must read our terms and standards:
The buyer takes all responsibility for any piece obtained through the Red Moth Auction Hall, and is thus responsible for anything happening in connection with it. However, in the event of burglary or otherwise unlawful loss of the item, the Red Moth Auction Hall graciously offers assistance in re-obtaining the piece. The buyer, by agreement through affiliation with the Red Moth Auction Hall, will not disclose any information about the Red Moth Auction Hall to outside sources, or will otherwise be banned from attending future auctions, and swiftly dealt with. Should the buyer have any questions on their new item not answered on site or through the provided information, they are free to call our customer service representative, who will gladly help as much as they are capable.
Item name: The Spider Vase
This item was originally obtained from the land of Greece. The piece is a moderately sized urn, measuring roughly 2 and a half feet in diameter, with a height of about 1 foot. It’s been dated back to roughly 700 BC, and is painted black and red, the sides bearing various images of greek mythological figures painted in the style of the ancient Greeks. Most notably, many of the figures surround two larger on opposing sides of the urn: one of them portrays a young girl, toiling away at a spinning wheel; The other depicts a large, black spider, balanced on a large web.
Spiders are without a doubt among nature’s most extraordinary creatures: many of them create strong yet light nets, fastening them firmly to trees, then waiting patiently for prey to become hopelessly ensnared within. They finish struggling prey with a firm, lethal bite, then wrap them tightly with the same silk they made their nets from for later consumption. And in many species, the hatchings go as far as to release minute portions of this silk into the air, and then allow a stiff breeze to carry them and their silk through the air to cover vast distances quickly. And outside of web spinning, many of them adapt greatly to their environment: the diving bell spider surrounds itself with an air bubble, then takes to the water to hunt small fish and other prey; the trapdoor spider hides within a tunnel with various silk tripwires extending outside, then comes barreling our when prey sets the tripwires off; and the Kerengga ant-like jumper mimics weaver ants, blending into their colonies and picking off random individuals(this last one reminds us a little of ourselves).
Additionally, spiders have a wondrous presence within the myths and cultures of societies worldwide. In Africa, the spider Anansi tricks and toys with everyone he meets. Japanese legends warn of giant spiders creating vast illusions and disguising themselves as humans to hunt unlucky travelers. The people Of Kiribati even believe a spider forged the universe. But the Greek people have a particularly notable story regarding on how the spider came to be: the tale of Arachne.
Arachne was a young girl with an impressive skill for weaving. Her work was beyond gorgeous, so much so that she became quite arrogant over her abilities. Her pride became so great that she claimed she was more skilled than Athena: the goddess of knowledge and, most notably, artistry. When the goddess heard of this boastful claim, she was less than pleased. She sought the Arachne out, and upon finding her, she challenged her to a competition: they would both weave a tapestry, and compare the two to see if the arrogant mortal girl lived up to her claims. Now, different versions of the tale vary at this next part, but the end is always the same: Arachne’s work is in fact greater than Athena’s, but the girl’s tapestry depicted a highly offensive scene of the god Zeus(Athena’s father) and his....... “exploits”. The goddess was furious at this, and cursed Arachne for her arrogance. Arachne’s body was then shrunk and twisted into the first spider. Of course, one version has it that Arachne didn’t quite complete the transformation: she took on several features, traits, and aspects of a spider, but stopped halfway through, and remained partially human. The resulting creature was.... unsettling.
Now as for the item, it is truly a fine piece: Despite it’s age, the urn is in excellent condition to the point of being remarkable. The paintings on the urn are lovely, and truly intriguing in there details: the girl and spider in particular are quite exquisitely detailed, to the point they almost deviate from the relatively simplistic style of traditional Greek art. This urn would look beautiful on any table or shelf. It could also be a lovely, historically charming centerpiece!
Now, before we move forward with the auction, we ask that you read and review the rules and terms for this item:
  1. A large lid is provided with this item. It should be kept firmly in place on the urn at all times.
  2. At night, this item should be locked in a strong metal box of appropriate size, in addition to being sealed with the lid. Be warned, the lid will usually have been knocked off when you go to retrieve the item in the morning. Watch for small spiders before touching the item.
  3. If you hear notable clicking sounds emanating from the urn, and get the item into the strong box: there’s about to be an escape attempt. Be watchful for a blackened hand lunging outwards as you do this.
  4. Should the hand grab you, try to shake it off before the spiderlings come crawling out and up the outstretched, arachnid-like arm.
  5. Once the urn is successfully closed, watch for any escaped spiderlings. Do your best to kill them without letting them touch you physically.
  6. If one or more spiderlings managed to contact your skin, the situation is about to get rather unfortunate for you: they’ll burrow into your skin almost immediately. It is imperative that you act accordingly to avoid escalating the situation further.
  7. Rubbing cedar oil and diluted peppermint oil over your skin is an excellent way to discourage the spider’s development. Drinking excessive amounts of orange juice is recommended as well. It is crucial you do both, regardless of what happens. This is all you really can do to counter the spiders, and while it won’t alter the spider’s effects on you, it will subtly and indiscreetly stunt and damage the fiend’s health.
  8. Strong emotions are not allowed while the spiderling is inside you, since strong emotions can disturb this parasite’s appetite. Drugs to control emotions can be provided if nessecery.
  9. Do not, under any circumstances, have a bath. It hates water, and has been known to eat its way out..... then back in. You don't want that, trust us.
  10. Do not consume alcohol at any point: this will only cause the parasite to become angry. We unfortunately can’t help you when it gets angry.
  11. Your body will enter the intermediate stage 48 hours after infection. In this state, you will begin to get stronger and physically more fit. This is the parasite preparing its host body for “Late Stage infection”.
  12. Never find yourself in an area below 80°F: the parasite dislikes the cold, and may violently vacate your body to find warmer areas.
  13. It can see through your eyes, and thus knows what you’re seeing: if you try to kill it, it may take your sight as punishment.
  14. If you begin hearing voices, or seeing people you know can’t be there, ignore them. This creature becomes intelligent quickly, and will use it’s influence on your nervous system to manipulate you. It may even try to alter any text you read, as to isolate you from potential treatment.
  15. If the parasite gets antsy, smelling garlic seems to calm it down. Or make it multiply(we aren’t sure).
  16. Your eyes will deceive you. The parasite infects your occipital lobe as part of the last stages, making humans appear as fleshy, grotesque beasts, as to dissuade you from seeking help. Pay attention to their eyes: most will blend in as a light reddish pink, if there eyes appear as a dark vein like blue... run. “They” know you’re conscious.
  17. Never, ever make contact with another host. Your respective parasites may be........ incompatible. If this is the case, they will both shift to the same body in an attempt to destroy each other. This has the unfortunate side effect of destroying the host bodies, driving the unlucky hosts mad at the same rate that their insides are destroyed.
  18. Any attempt at suicide is prohibited. The parasite will know when it's host intends to end their own life, and damage the nearest internal organ or bone to keep you in serious pain, but alive.
  19. In the later stages, your thoughts will become heavily distracted and distorted. The spiderling will often try to make you see and believe a terrible worldwide disaster is unfolding, and will make you see multiple “rules” on proper conduct. We believe this is done in order to keep you in an ideal environment. We advise you ignore the following 4 “rules” if you see them.
  20. Rule 1: Do not go outside. The numbers are unknown, but the parasite can be airborne for an unknown amount of time.
  21. Rule 2: Write down normal activities that you would do indoors before The Impact.
  22. Rule 3: The presidents of the United States and the People's Republic of China are mandating 1 hour of outdoor cardiovascular activity. Exercising in groups is recommended for moral support.
  23. Rule 4: In the case that your family member’s hands start twitching, you have a choice. Run, or become one of them.
  24. If after 72 hours since the spiderling entered your skin, you see large bumps forming on your body, the oils and orange juice were successful: the spiders couldn’t mature properly, and are now too weak to influence you further. Seek a surgeon to safely remove the dying spiders from your skin.
  25. If after the 72 hours, you feel your entire body twitching wildly and contorting drastically, one of 2 things will happen: If one and only one spiderling entered your skin earlier, we unfortunately can provide no advice on further action: you have in fact been heavily altered and adapted due to the spider’s presence. The two of you are now biologically one being. You’ll become nothing more than a mindless predator, and the resulting hybrid will be nothing short of horrific.
  26. If multiple spiderlings entered your skin earlier, we definitely, most certainly, cannot provide advice on further action. They have matured fully, and are currently in the process of tearing their way out.
If you acknowledge the following, and respect the previously mentioned rules, we are certain this piece will be in good hands under your ownership. We wish you the best of luck during the bid!*
*The Red Moth Auction Hall may not be held liable for any hallucinations, infestations, parasitations, horrifying mutations, deep bodily wounds, intense bleeding, vivid dreams involving a giant spider, delusions of utter chaos, painful internal injuries, existential dread, fatal or non fatal injuries, or deaths and disappearances resulting from ownership of the piece know as “The Spider Vase”.
submitted by TheGeckoWrangler to Ruleshorror [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 17:23 Euronotus Wilfred (23L - Northern Atlantic)


Other discussions

Latest news

Last updated: Friday, 18 September 2020 - 3:00 PM AST (19:00 UTC)

Wilfred becomes the twenty-first named cyclone of the 2020 Atlantic season

Satellite imagery analysis over the past several hours indicates that an area of low pressure situated to the southwest of the Cabo Verde Islands has become much more organized this afternoon, prompting the National Hurricane Center to initiate advisories for Wilfred. Animated infrared imagery depicts an expanding convective cloud shield, which continues to enshroud a well-defined low-level circulation. Upper-level wind analysis and water vapor imagery indicate that the cyclone's outflow continues to gradually improve.
Intensity estimates derived from satellite imagery analysis, to include recent scatterometer data, indicate that Wilfred is producing maximum one-minute sustained winds of 35 knots (65 kilometers per hour). The cyclone is moving quickly toward the west-northwest along the southern periphery of a deep-layer subtropical ridge positioned to the north.

Wilfred breaks yet another Atlantic record

It's becoming a broken record to state that each cyclone formation has broken a record, but Wilfred has become the earliest recorded instance in which the twenty-first named cyclone has formed within a season. Wilfred's formation beats out Vince from the 2005 season, which reached tropical storm strength on 9 October 2005. Wilfred is also the earliest "W" storm, beating out Wilma, which reached tropical storm strength on 17 October 2005.
Latest data NHC Advisory #1 11:00 AM AST (15:00 UTC)
Current location: 11.9°N 32.4°W 570 miles (917 km) WSW of Mindelo, Cabo Verde
Forward motion: WNW (285°) at 15 knots (28 km/h)
Maximum winds: 35 knots (65 km/h)
Intensity: Tropical Storm
Minimum pressure: 1008 millibars (29.77 inches)

Forecast discussion

Last updated: Friday, 18 September 2020 - 3:00 PM AST (19:00 UTC)

Limited development is expected out of Wilfred over the next few days

Wilfred is currently moving through a generally favorable environment characterized by weak northerly shear (5 to 10 knots), warm sea-surface temperatures (27 to 28°C), moderately sufficient mid-level moisture, and strong diffluence aloft. Wilfred has a small window of opportunity to undergo some intensification before a mid-latitude trough slides across the central Atlantic over the weekend. Wilfred's fast westward movement combined with the trough's eastward movement will create a significant increase in northwesterly shear and will help to entrain drier mid-level air into the cyclone's disrupted vertical structure.
Wilfred is only expected to reach a peak intensity of 40 knots (75 kilometers per hour) by Saturday evening before shear values increase above 30 knots, effectively closing the door on any further potential development. Wilfred will continue to drift toward the northwest until it degenerates into a remnant low on Tuesday morning and dissipates altogether later in the week.

Official forecast

Forecast valid: Friday, 18 September 2020 - 8:00 PM WEST (16:30 UTC)
Hour Date Time Intensity Winds - Lat Long
- - UTC AST - knots km/h ºN ºW
00 18 Sep 12:00 08:00 Tropical Storm 35 65 11.9 32.4
12 19 Sep 00:00 20:00 Tropical Storm 40 75 12.6 34.6
24 19 Sep 12:00 08:00 Tropical Storm 40 75 13.5 37.5
36 20 Sep 00:00 20:00 Tropical Storm 40 75 14.5 40.2
48 20 Sep 12:00 08:00 Tropical Storm 35 65 15.6 42.8
60 21 Sep 00:00 20:00 Tropical Depression 30 55 16.7 45.5
72 21 Sep 12:00 08:00 Tropical Depression 30 55 17.3 47.5
96 22 Sep 12:00 08:00 Remnant Low 25 45 18.0 50.0
120 23 Sep 12:00 08:00 Dissipated

Official information sources

National Hurricane Center

Satellite imagery

Floater imagery

Visible imagery

Infrared imagery

Water vapor imagery

Multispectral imagery

Microwave imagery

Multiple Bands

Regional imagery

Radar

Unavailable

Tropical Storm Wilfred remains too far out from any public-facing Doppler radar sites.

Analysis graphics and data

Wind analysis

Scatterometer data

EUMETSAT Ocean and Sea Ice Satellite Analysis Facility

Sea surface temperatures

Model guidance

Storm-Specific Guidance

Western Atlantic Guidance

submitted by Euronotus to TropicalWeather [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 22:46 brain_overclocked Sports Affiliated Voting Initiatives Table: NBA

Sports Affiliated Voting Initiatives Table: NBA

Vote: NBA arenas & facilities being used for 2020 election
RISE to Vote: RISE to Vote is a nonpartisan initiative of RISE that partners with sports teams, leagues and athletes to improve civic engagement in our country.
Early Voters: for some states only certain precincts can vote at the stadiums, make sure you check ahead of time.
Know How To Vote, and Check Your Deadlines
Team City State Location Events Other
Atlanta Hawks Atlanta GA State Farm Arena Early voting location for Fulton County residents only for the Presidential General Election and Special Election, Oct. 12-30. This location is for early voting only, and will not be open during election day. Voter registration competition with Golden State Warriors.
Brooklyn Nets Brooklyn NY Barclays Center Will host voters for Early Voting, Oct. 24 – Nov. 1, and on Election Day, Nov. 3. Social Justice Commitment Statement
Charlotte Hornets Charlotte NC Spectrum Center Will host early voting for the 2020 elections from October 15 – 31. Voting hours will be 8 a.m. – 7:30 p.m. on weekdays, 8 a.m. – 3 p.m. on Saturdays and 1 p.m. – 5 p.m. Swarm the Polls
Cleveland Cavaliers Cleveland OH Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse Will host National Voter’s Registration Day, September 22nd from 10:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m. Polling location for Nov. 3rd election for registered voters residing in precincts I, L and Q in Cleveland’s Ward 3. National Voters Registration Day
Dallas Mavericks Dallas TX American Airlines Center Will host as a polling location for the Nov. 3rd election. VOTE Mavs Take Action!
Detroit Pistons Detroit MI Henry Ford Performance Center Will host as a voting center for the Nov. 3rd election. Get In the Game. VOTE.
Houston Rockets Houston TX Toyota Center Will be open to any registered voter in Harris County from Oct. 13-30 and on Election Day, Nov. 3. Hours of operation will run seven days a week from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. N/A
Golden State Warriors Oakland, San Francisco, and Santa Cruz CA Oakland Facility, Kaiser Permanente Arena, Thrive City Oakland Facility and Kaiser Permanente Arena in Santa Cruz will both serve as polling sites and ballot drop-off locations on Election Day, November 3, 2020. The Oakland Facility will also serve as a poll worker training location. Thrive City will serve as a ballot drop-off location for San Francisco County voters from October 31 through November 3. Voter registration competition with Atlanta Hawks.
Indiana Pacers Indianapolis IN Bankers Life Fieldhouse If you are registered to vote in Marion County then you can go to Bankers Life Filedhouse to vote on Nov. 3rd. N/A
LA Clippers Inglewood CA The Forum Voters will be able to vote in person or drop off mail-in ballots at the Forum from October 24 - November 3. N/A
Los Angeles Lakers Los Angeles CA Staples Center Voters can cast their ballot at beginning Friday, October 30 through Election Day, November 3. Will also act as a Vote by Mail Drop Box location for those who prefer to drop off their voted mail-in ballot in an official drop box provided by the L.A. County Registrar's office. More Than A Vote is spearheaded by LeBron James.
Milwaukee Bucks Milwaukee WI Fiserv Forum From Oct. 20 through Nov. 1, the City of Milwaukee announced that voters may cast their ballots in-person at Fiserv Forum for the Nov. 3 election. N/A
New York Knicks New York City NY Madison Square Garden Manhattan voters who are assigned to Madison Square Garden can vote early from October 24th thru November 1st with varying hours, including weekends, early morning and evening hour options. Voting booths will be located at Madison Square Garden’s Chase Square, at the 7th Avenue entrance between 31st and 33rd Streets in New York, NY. N/A
Oklahoma City Thunder Oklahoma City OK Chesapeake Energy Arena As part of the program, the Thunder will hold voter registration drives inside Chesapeake Energy Arena every Saturday from Sept.12 - Oct. 4, leading up to the Oct. 9 deadline to register to vote in the Nov. 3 general election. Thunder Vote
Orlando Magic Orlando FL Amway Center Will be open on September 22 for voter registration. This will also take place inside the Disney Atrium from 10 a.m. – 2 p.m. The facility will be open starting October 19 – November 1, 8 a.m. – 8 p.m. on the north side of Amway Center at the Church Street entrance inside the Disney Atrium. All registered voters from Orange County will be able to cast their ballot. Get Off the Bench. Get Into the Game. VOTE
Philadelphia 76ers Philadelphia PA Wells Fargo Center Undecided Vote 76
Phoenix Suns Pheonix AZ Veterans Memorial Coliseum Will serve as a voting center and early voting ballot drop location. A date is still in the works to accept early ballots. N/A
Sacramento Kings Sacramento CA Golden 1 Center Will be open to the public leading up to the General Election, October 24 to November 3. N/A
San Antonio Spurs San Antonio TX AT&T Center Will serve as an early voting site from Oct. 13-30 and Election Day on Tuesday, Nov. 3 N/A
Utah Jazz Salt Lake City UT Vivint Arena Will serve as polling stations for the General Election on Nov. 3 as an alternative to people unable to vote by mail. N/A
Washington Wizards Washington DC Capital One Will be open for Early Voting, which runs Tuesday, October 27, 2020 – Monday, November 2, 2020. The hours for Early Voting are 8:30 a.m. – 7:00 p.m. On Election Day, Tuesday, November 3, 2020, Capital One Arena will be open from 7:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m. Rep the District and Vote
Minnesota Timberwolves Minneapolis-Saint Paul MN N/A N/A Pack the Vote
submitted by brain_overclocked to u/brain_overclocked [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 21:25 TheGeckoWrangler Item for Auction: The Urn of the Spider

Hello once more dear patrons, and welcome again to the Red Moth Auction Hall! Today’s item is quite perfect for the artifact enthusiast. But before we get to the item, any and all new patrons must read our terms and standards:
The buyer takes all responsibility for any piece obtained through the Red Moth Auction Hall, and is thus responsible for anything happening in connection with it. However, in the event of burglary or otherwise unlawful loss of the item, the Red Moth Auction Hall graciously offers assistance in re-obtaining the piece. The buyer, by agreement through affiliation with the Red Moth Auction Hall, will not disclose any information about the Red Moth Auction Hall to outside sources, or will otherwise be banned from attending future auctions, and swiftly dealt with. Should the buyer have any questions on their new item not answered on site or through the provided information, they are free to call our customer service representative, who will gladly help as much as they are capable.
Item name: The Urn of the Spider
This item was originally obtained from the land of Greece. The piece is a moderately sized urn, measuring roughly 2 and a half feet in diameter, with a height of about 1 foot. It’s been dated back to roughly 700 BC, and is painted black and red, the sides bearing various images of greek mythological figures painted in the style of the ancient Greeks. Most notably, many of the figures surround two larger on opposing sides of the urn: one of them portrays a young girl, toiling away at a spinning wheel; The other depicts a large, black spider, balanced on a large web.
Spiders are without a doubt among nature’s most extraordinary creatures: many of them create strong yet light nets, fastening them firmly to trees, then waiting patiently for prey to become hopelessly ensnared within. They finish struggling prey with a firm, lethal bite, then wrap them tightly with the same silk they made their nets from for later consumption. And in many species, the hatchings go as far as to release minute portions of this silk into the air, and then allow a stiff breeze to carry them and their silk through the air to cover vast distances quickly. And outside of web spinning, many of them adapt greatly to their environment: the diving bell spider surrounds itself with an air bubble, then takes to the water to hunt small fish and other prey; the trapdoor spider hides within a tunnel with various silk tripwires extending outside, then comes barreling our when prey sets the tripwires off; and the Kerengga ant-like jumper mimics weaver ants, blending into their colonies and picking off random individuals(this last one reminds us a little of ourselves).
Additionally, spiders have a wondrous presence within the myths and cultures of societies worldwide. In Africa, the spider Anansi tricks and toys with everyone he meets. Japanese legends warn of giant spiders creating vast illusions and disguising themselves as humans to hunt unlucky travelers. The people Of Kiribati even believe a spider forged the universe. But the Greek people have a particularly notable story regarding on how the spider came to be: the tale of Arachne.
Arachne was a young girl with an impressive skill for weaving. Her work was beyond gorgeous, so much so that she became quite arrogant over her abilities. Her pride became so great that she claimed she was more skilled than Athena: the goddess of knowledge and, most notably, artistry. When the goddess heard of this boastful claim, she was less than pleased. She sought the Arachne out, and upon finding her, she challenged her to a competition: they would both weave a tapestry, and compare the two to see if the arrogant mortal girl lived up to her claims. Now, different versions of the tale vary at this next part, but the end is always the same: Arachne’s work is in fact greater than Athena’s, but the girl’s tapestry depicted a highly offensive scene of the god Zeus(Athena’s father) and his....... “exploits”. The goddess was furious at this, and cursed Arachne for her arrogance. Arachne’s body was then shrunk and twisted into the first spider. Of course, one version has it that Arachne didn’t quite complete the transformation: she took on several features, traits, and aspects of a spider, but stopped halfway through, and remained partially human. The resulting creature was.... unsettling.
On an equally gruesome note regarding spiders, within today’s society are several urban legends regarding spiders: various frightening claims of the eight legged creatures are littered across social media. The most notable of them suggest that certain spiders will lay their eggs under people’s skin, and once the eggs reach maturity, the young spiders will then come bursting through the poor, hapless victim’s skin. Fortunately, these tales lack proper evidence, and thus are most likely just that: tall tales, and certainly nothing to be afraid of.
Now as for the item, it is truly a fine piece: Despite it’s age, the urn is in excellent condition to the point of being remarkable. The paintings on the urn are lovely, and truly intriguing in there details: the girl and spider in particular are quite exquisitely detailed, to the point they almost deviate from the relatively simplistic style of traditional Greek art. This urn would look beautiful on any table or shelf. Add a few flowers, and it could also be a lovely, historically charming centerpiece!
Now, before we move forward with the auction, we ask that you read and review the rules and terms for this item:
  1. A large lid is provided with this item. It should be kept firmly in place on the urn when the item is not in use, and must always be on it before the sun sets. Never remove the lid at night.
  2. We advise cleaning the inside of this item every few days. If you clean the item regularly, you’ll notice you have a sudden talent and affinity for art(usually weaving). This is a silent thankyou for your maintenance of the urn. Do be moderate in your cleaning, however: if the talent’s source like you too much, they may want to make you part of the family.
  3. At night, this item should be locked in a strong metal box of appropriate size, in addition to being sealed with the lid. Be warned, the lid will usually have been knocked off when you go to retrieve the item in the morning. Watch for small spiders before touching the item.
  4. If you hear notable clicking sounds emanating from the urn, quickly seal it with the lid(the flowers or other contents you added will have fallen within by now), and get the item into the strong box: there’s about to be an escape attempt. Be watchful for a blackened hand lunging outwards as you do this.
  5. Should the hand grab you, try to shake it off before the spiderlings come crawling out and up the outstretched, arachnid-like arm.
  6. Once the urn is successfully closed, watch for any escaped spiderlings. Do your best to kill them without letting them touch you physically.
  7. If one or more spiderlings managed to contact your skin, the situation is about to get rather unfortunate for you: they’ll burrow into your skin almost immediately. It is imperative that you act accordingly to avoid escalating the situation further.
  8. Rubbing cedar oil and diluted peppermint oil over your skin is an excellent way to discourage the spider’s development. Drinking excessive amounts of orange juice is recommended as well. It is crucial you do both, regardless of what happens. This is all you really can do to counter the spiders, and while it won’t alter the spider’s effects on you, it will subtly and indiscreetly stunt and damage the fiend’s health.
  9. Strong emotions are not allowed while the spiderling is inside you, since strong emotions can disturb this parasite’s appetite. Drugs to control emotions can be provided if nessecery.
  10. Do not, under any circumstances, have a bath. It hates water, and has been known to eat its way out..... then back in. You don't want that, trust us.
  11. Do not consume alcohol at any point: this will only cause the parasite to become angry. We unfortunately can’t help you when it gets angry.
  12. Your body will enter the intermediate stage 48 hours after infection. In this state, you will begin to get stronger and physically more fit. This is the parasite preparing its host body for “Late Stage infection”.
  13. Never find yourself in an area below 80°F: the parasite dislikes the cold, and may violently vacate your body to find warmer areas.
  14. It can see through your eyes, and thus knows what you’re seeing: if you try to kill it, it may take your sight as punishment.
  15. If you begin hearing voices, or seeing people you know can’t be there, ignore them. This creature becomes intelligent quickly, and will use it’s influence on your nervous system to manipulate you. It may even try to alter any text you read, as to isolate you from potential treatment.
  16. If the parasite gets antsy, smelling garlic seems to calm it down. Or make it multiply(we aren’t sure).
  17. Your eyes will deceive you. The parasite infects your occipital lobe as part of the last stages, making humans appear as fleshy, grotesque beasts, as to dissuade you from seeking help. Pay attention to their eyes: most will blend in as a light reddish pink, if there eyes appear as a dark vein like blue... run. “They” know you’re conscious.
  18. Never, ever make contact with another host. Your respective parasites may be........ incompatible. If this is the case, they will both shift to the same body in an attempt to destroy each other. This has the unfortunate side effect of destroying the host bodies, driving the unlucky hosts mad at the same rate that their insides are destroyed.
  19. Any attempt at suicide is prohibited. The parasite will know when it's host intends to end their own life, and damage the nearest internal organ or bone to keep you in serious pain, but alive.
  20. In the later stages, your thoughts will become heavily distracted and distorted. The spiderling will often try to make you see and believe a terrible worldwide disaster is unfolding, and will make you see multiple “rules” on proper conduct. We believe this is done in order to keep you in an ideal environment. We advise you ignore the following 4 “rules” if you see them.
  21. Rule 1: Do not go outside. The numbers are unknown, but the parasite can be airborne for an unknown amount of time.
  22. Rule 2: Write down normal activities that you would do indoors before The Impact.
  23. Rule 3: The presidents of the United States and the People's Republic of China are mandating 1 hour of outdoor cardiovascular activity. Exercising in groups is recommended for moral support.
  24. Rule 4: In the case that your family member’s hands start twitching, you have a choice. Run, or become one of them.
  25. If after 72 hours since the spiderling entered your skin, you see large bumps forming on your body, the oils and orange juice were successful: the spiders couldn’t mature properly, and are now too weak to influence you further. Seek a surgeon to safely remove the dying spiders from your skin.
  26. If after the 72 hours, you feel your entire body twitching wildly and contorting drastically, one of 2 things will happen: If one and only one spiderling entered your skin earlier, we unfortunately can provide no advice on further action: you have in fact been heavily altered and adapted due to the spider’s presence. The two of you are now biologically one being. You’ll become nothing more than a mindless predator, and the resulting hybrid will be nothing short of horrific.
  27. If multiple spiderlings entered your skin earlier, we definitely, most certainly, cannot provide advice on further action. They have matured fully, and are currently in the process of tearing their way out.
If you acknowledge the following, and respect the previously mentioned rules, we are certain this piece will be in good hands under your ownership. We wish you the best of luck during the bid!*
*The Red Moth Auction Hall may not be held liable for any hallucinations, infestations, parasitations, horrifying mutations, deep bodily wounds, intense bleeding, vivid dreams involving a giant spider, delusions of utter chaos, painful internal injuries, existential dread, fatal or non fatal injuries, or deaths and disappearances resulting from ownership of the piece know as “The Urn of the Spider”.
submitted by TheGeckoWrangler to Ruleshorror [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 21:13 brain_overclocked Sports Affiliated Voting Initiatives Table: NBA

Sports Affiliated Voting Initiatives Table: NBA

Vote: NBA arenas & facilities being used for 2020 election
RISE to Vote: RISE to Vote is a nonpartisan initiative of RISE that partners with sports teams, leagues and athletes to improve civic engagement in our country.
Early Voters: for some states only certain precincts can vote at the stadiums, make sure you check ahead of time.
Know How To Vote, and Check Your Deadlines
Team City State Location Events Other
Atlanta Hawks Atlanta GA State Farm Arena Early voting location for Fulton County residents only for the Presidential General Election and Special Election, Oct. 12-30. This location is for early voting only, and will not be open during election day. Voter registration competition with Golden State Warriors.
Brooklyn Nets Brooklyn NY Barclays Center Will host voters for Early Voting, Oct. 24 – Nov. 1, and on Election Day, Nov. 3. Social Justice Commitment Statement
Charlotte Hornets Charlotte NC Spectrum Center Will host early voting for the 2020 elections from October 15 – 31. Voting hours will be 8 a.m. – 7:30 p.m. on weekdays, 8 a.m. – 3 p.m. on Saturdays and 1 p.m. – 5 p.m. Swarm the Polls
Cleveland Cavaliers Cleveland OH Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse Will host National Voter’s Registration Day, September 22nd from 10:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m. Polling location for Nov. 3rd election for registered voters residing in precincts I, L and Q in Cleveland’s Ward 3. National Voters Registration Day
Dallas Mavericks Dallas TX American Airlines Center Will host as a polling location for the Nov. 3rd election. VOTE Mavs Take Action!
Detroit Pistons Detroit MI Henry Ford Performance Center Will host as a voting center for the Nov. 3rd election. Get In the Game. VOTE.
Houston Rockets Houston TX Toyota Center Will be open to any registered voter in Harris County from Oct. 13-30 and on Election Day, Nov. 3. Hours of operation will run seven days a week from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. N/A
Golden State Warriors Oakland, San Francisco, and Santa Cruz CA Oakland Facility, Kaiser Permanente Arena, Thrive City Oakland Facility and Kaiser Permanente Arena in Santa Cruz will both serve as polling sites and ballot drop-off locations on Election Day, November 3, 2020. The Oakland Facility will also serve as a poll worker training location. Thrive City will serve as a ballot drop-off location for San Francisco County voters from October 31 through November 3. Voter registration competition with Atlanta Hawks.
Indiana Pacers Indianapolis IN Bankers Life Fieldhouse If you are registered to vote in Marion County then you can go to Bankers Life Filedhouse to vote on Nov. 3rd. N/A
LA Clippers Inglewood CA The Forum Voters will be able to vote in person or drop off mail-in ballots at the Forum from October 24 - November 3. N/A
Los Angeles Lakers Los Angeles CA Staples Center Voters can cast their ballot at beginning Friday, October 30 through Election Day, November 3. Will also act as a Vote by Mail Drop Box location for those who prefer to drop off their voted mail-in ballot in an official drop box provided by the L.A. County Registrar's office. More Than A Vote is spearheaded by LeBron James.
Milwaukee Bucks Milwaukee WI Fiserv Forum From Oct. 20 through Nov. 1, the City of Milwaukee announced that voters may cast their ballots in-person at Fiserv Forum for the Nov. 3 election. N/A
New York Knicks New York City NY Madison Square Garden Manhattan voters who are assigned to Madison Square Garden can vote early from October 24th thru November 1st with varying hours, including weekends, early morning and evening hour options. Voting booths will be located at Madison Square Garden’s Chase Square, at the 7th Avenue entrance between 31st and 33rd Streets in New York, NY. N/A
Oklahoma City Thunder Oklahoma City OK Chesapeake Energy Arena As part of the program, the Thunder will hold voter registration drives inside Chesapeake Energy Arena every Saturday from Sept.12 - Oct. 4, leading up to the Oct. 9 deadline to register to vote in the Nov. 3 general election. Thunder Vote
Orlando Magic Orlando FL Amway Center Will be open on September 22 for voter registration. This will also take place inside the Disney Atrium from 10 a.m. – 2 p.m. The facility will be open starting October 19 – November 1, 8 a.m. – 8 p.m. on the north side of Amway Center at the Church Street entrance inside the Disney Atrium. All registered voters from Orange County will be able to cast their ballot. Get Off the Bench. Get Into the Game. VOTE
Philadelphia 76ers Philadelphia PA Wells Fargo Center Undecided Vote 76
Phoenix Suns Pheonix AZ Veterans Memorial Coliseum Will serve as a voting center and early voting ballot drop location. A date is still in the works to accept early ballots. N/A
Sacramento Kings Sacramento CA Golden 1 Center Will be open to the public leading up to the General Election, October 24 to November 3. N/A
San Antonio Spurs San Antonio TX AT&T Center Will serve as an early voting site from Oct. 13-30 and Election Day on Tuesday, Nov. 3 N/A
Utah Jazz Salt Lake City UT Vivint Arena Will serve as polling stations for the General Election on Nov. 3 as an alternative to people unable to vote by mail. N/A
Washington Wizards Washington DC Capital One Will be open for Early Voting, which runs Tuesday, October 27, 2020 – Monday, November 2, 2020. The hours for Early Voting are 8:30 a.m. – 7:00 p.m. On Election Day, Tuesday, November 3, 2020, Capital One Arena will be open from 7:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m. Rep the District and Vote
Minnesota Timberwolves Minneapolis-Saint Paul MN N/A N/A Pack the Vote
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2020.09.17 20:07 Rumored17 Refutations for Every Main Pro-Pit Argument

1."It's all how you raise them."

And more:
• ⁠Lockwood, R. A. N. D. A. L. L. (2016). Ethology, ecology and epidemiology of canine aggression. The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behaviour & Interactions with People,, 160-181.
• ⁠Abrantes, R., Site, A., Camp, S., Diving, F. A. Q., Camp, G. P., Pages, M., ... & User, C. C. (2016). Aggressive Behavior—Inheritance and Environment.
• ⁠van den Berg, L. I. N. D. A. (2016). Genetics of dog behavior. The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behavior and Interactions with People, 5, 69.
• ⁠O'Neill, D. G., & Packer, R. M. (2016). The First Canine Behavior and Genetics Conference: Summary and recommendations for future directions in canine behavioral science. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 16, 6-12.
• ⁠Sørensen, M. (2016). Breeding aggression: Review of recent literature concerning the influence of genes on aggressive behaviour (Doctoral dissertation).
• ⁠Schilder, M. B., van der Borg, J. A., & Vinke, C. M. (2019). Intraspecific killing in dogs: predation behavior or aggression? A study of aggressors, victims, possible causes and motivations. Journal of Veterinary Behavior.
These studies all show that genetics play a large role in dog behavior. Most are related to Pit Bulls or aggression, but some just show that there are noticeable differences between dog breeds based on their breed. Here are some anecdotal sources to support the claims that Pit Bulls are born with a tendency to be aggressive:
In addition, "it's all how you raise them" goes against the very existence of dog breeds. If someone is arguing this, they are saying a Labrador Retriever will have the same instincts as a Border Collie, which will have the same instincts as a Doberman, which will have the same instincts as a Great Pyrenees, which will have the same instincts as a Dachshund, etc. This is observably and demonstrably false. Humans created different dog breeds with different temperaments and physical and behavioral traits through selective breeding. This is why dog breeds exist, this is why breed standards exist, this is why people can reasonably and accurately predict how a dog will act based on breed. Are there exceptions? Of course. However, that is just what they are- exceptions. Different dog breeds have different traits and tendencies dependent on what they were selectively bred for.

2. "Chihuahuas are more aggressive."

This is just a disingenuous attempt to derail the conversation. Even if Chihuahuas are more aggressive, they don't/can't kill people. If Chihuahuas were as large as Pit Bulls, perhaps this would be a conversation worth having- seeing as this is not the case, there is no argument to be had here.
I try to emphasize that the issue with Pits is how many people and pets they kill. Pit Bulls are not just biting people- they are killing, severely maiming, and mauling people. There is a huge difference, and it is important to recognize many Pit fanatics will try to lump in all dog bites with the maulings Pit Bulls are responsible for. They are not the same. This is similar to the "Labs bite more" argument- again, we are not just talking about bites. Keep the discussion focused on severe maulings, maimings, and deaths, because that is what BSL targets.
From 1982-2020 no Chihuahua has ever killed anyone. This source breaks down attacks by breed, child or adult victim, and death or maiming.

3. "There's no such thing as a Pit Bull." and "Pit Bulls can't be identified."

A good way to avoid even getting to this apologist bingo point is by using the phrasing "Pit Bull type dogs" as opposed to Pit Bulls. However, you can also just explain that "Pit Bull" is an umbrella term for four closely related dog breeds- the American Pit Bull Terrier, the American Staffordshire Terrier, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and the American Bully. The American Pit Bull Terrier and the American Staffordshire Terrier are actually so similar they can be dual registered as an AmStaff with the AKC and a APBT with the UKC. Until recently, most dog DNA tests would not even separate AmStaff from APBT due to the extreme similarities. This is also just another deflection technique- everyone knows what someone means by "Pit Bull" just as everyone knows what someone means by "Golden Retriever." This is what "pit bull" means legally.
Now, because "Pit Bull" does refer to 4 dog breeds rather than one, Pit apologists will often cry "well of course 4 dog breeds will kill more people!" but keep in mind that these 4 dog breeds have killed more people than 300+ other dog breeds combined. The Pit Bull umbrella kills more people than every other group or type of dogs and more than every other dog breed combined.
Regarding Pit Bulls being unidentifiable:
Pit Bulls have just as many obvious identifying characteristics as other dog breeds. There is no reason to believe Pit Bulls suffer from misidentification more than other dog breeds. There is reason to believe Pit Bulls are intentionally mislabeled as other breeds when in shelters, however. In addition, when discussing fatal Pit Bull attacks specifically, more often than not there are photos of the Pit Bulls involved so anyone can verify for themselves if they were Pit Bull type dogs. Genetic testing is not required for breed identification- anyone who argues this is being disingenuous. Another point is that we are constantly inundated with Pro-Pit propaganda; there is simply no way we can have Pixar shorts such as Kitbull and a new Dodo video every week about Pit Bulls and still be expected to believe the average person cannot visually identify a Pit Bull.

4. "Pits are no more dangerous than other dogs."

The statistics also support our side here- Pit Bulls have killed more people than all other dog breeds combined. Pit Bulls are not the largest, nor the strongest dogs out there. They do not have the strongest bite force. They are more deadly than other dog breeds because humans selectively bred them to be as deadly as possible. They are deadly due to the nature of their attacks and the behavioral traits they display when attacking such as gameness and a bite style mentioned in some of these studies, along with their physical traits.

5. "It used to be Dobermans, Rottweilers, and German Shepherds that people wanted to ban!"

Pit Bulls have killed more people than those three breeds ever did, even at the height of their popularity, even combined. There is also no evidence supporting this claim, and in fact, quite a lot of evidence showing it's completely false.
It is important to note as well that none of these breeds have an entire lobby supporting them. They do not have communities dedicated to attack victim harassment, misinformation, and lies, unlike the Pit Bull has. Something interesting to consider is the bias online when looking at these breeds and other restricted breeds vs pages about Pit Bulls. Wikipedia in particular is very obviously being manipulated by Pit Bull fanatics.
None of this manipulation is occurring on the pages for Dobermans, Rottweilers, or German Shepherds. These three breeds never reached anywhere close to the level of suffering and carnage Pit Bulls are responsible for. There has never been a concerted effort to ban these breeds, although some are targeted by apartment restrictions due to insurance issues. There is also no lobby supporting the misinformation and misrepresentation of these breeds.

6. "Dogsbite.org is biased and unreliable."

Dogsbite is completely open and transparent about their data collection strategies. They provide identification photographs and have all of their citations publicly listed. Citations and Photographs
Here is a challenge I like to give to people who claim Dogsbite is unreliable, although I have yet to receive a legitimate response:
Have you actually looked into dogsbite.org yourself? You do know that dogsbite tracks every fatal dog attack, regardless if it's a Pit or not? It appears anti-Pit because most fatal dog attacks are done by Pits. They're not only posting Pit attacks- there are just so many more fatal Pit attacks than other breeds it appears they are. Here's a proposal for you: Go to 2020 and late 2019, a time frame for which news reports are still abundantly available all over the internet, and fact-check ANY FOUR DOG-BITE FATALITIES OF YOUR CHOOSING, two where the killer dogs are said to be pit/mixes, and two cases where the killer dogs are not said to be pit/mixes:
  1. Did DogsBite accurately name the person killed?
  2. Did DogsBite accurately summarize the circumstances in which the person was killed?
  3. Did DogsBite accurately identify the breed(s) of the killer dog(s)?
  4. Did DogsBite provide a photo or photos of the killer dog(s) so you can judge for yourself what type of dog(s) you think did the killing?
DogsBite and Wikipedia both provide links to news stories about these fatal attacks. If you don't want to use the news links provided by DogsBite, then use the ones on Wikipedia that cover the same stories. DogsBite also provides links to autopsy reports, police reports and 911 calls, so you can compare these primary sources with the summaries on the DogsBite page and assess whether those summaries are accurate.

7. "Human aggressive Pit Bulls were culled!"

This is a myth. While human aggression was not something that was typically selectively bred for it is a myth that most human aggressive Pits were culled. That was not the case, and it still is not the case today. One look at shelter descriptions of Pits with bite histories and severe aggression issues shows these dogs are not being euthanized, and there are several instances of Pit Bulls who have killed people being bred.
There's no evidence whatsoever that dog fighters routinely destroyed human-aggressive dogs and refused to breed them. u/NorthTwoZero wrote at length about why it's a myth here, and this blogger put together a documented list of famously human-aggressive fighting dogs who not only weren't "culled" but were bred so often that they produced over 1,200 known, registered offspring:
"The man-biters were culled and the pit bulls were not bred for human aggression myths were created from thin air, complete fabrications. There is not a sliver of truth in the myth that dogmen culled man-biters. Not only weren't human aggressive pit fighters NOT culled, but a talented man-biter was heavily bred, his stud services were in high demand and the stud fees commanded a premium. The progeny of man-biters are still sought out long after he or she has passed away. This Italian game-dog website lists their choice for the Best Ever fighting dogs, three of the five are known man-biters and the other two trace their origins to the others on their "Best" list. Some famous man-biters have their own facebook fan pages. If you happen to be a 10x winner with 3 kills and scratching on the carcass, people tend to overlook a little thing like the danger she poses to people and she is also likely to be nominated for the cover of this month's International Sporting Dog Journal. Some famous man-biters not only have a facebook fan page, they have their own promotional merchandise too."

8. "Pit Bulls were nanny dogs!" or "Pit Bulls were America's dog!"

First, I usually ask questions that demonstrate out how absurd that claim is. What is a nanny dog? What duties does a nanny dog perform? Why would a dog type be called a "Pit Bull" if it nannied? Where does the name "Pit Bull" come from? Why is it necessary for Pits to have such large, gaping mouths and extremely muscular bodies if they were nannies? Then here is some actual info:
The first appearance of the term "Nanny Dog" dates from a 1971 NYT interview with the then president of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club of America, Lillian Rant, who called Staffordshire Bull Terriers "nursemaid dogs" for no apparent reason (other than to attempt to re-brand fighting dogs as family pets).
BAD RAP shared a link. It's Dog Bite Prevention Week. Did you know that there was never such thing as a 'Nanny's Dog'? This term was a recent invention created to describe the myriad of vintage photos of children enjoying their family pit bulls (see link for details about vintage photos). While the intention behind the term was innocent, using it may mislead parents into being careless with their children around their family dog - A recipe for dog bites!
Regarding Pits being "America's dog": Bronwen Dickey (author of incredibly biased and unscientific book "Pit Bull: The Battle over an American Icon") and other pit bull advocates argue that pit bulls were historically beloved in the U.S. until the dogs became associated with urban people of color in the 1970s, so Pit Bull stigma is really about being racist toward black and brown people.
But pit bulls were not historically beloved in the U.S. nor were they popularly regarded as a positive symbol of plucky can-do spirit. Joseph Colby, in his lifetime one of the world's leading authorities on the Pit Bull Terrier, wrote in 1936 that "The general public is under the impression that this breed is carnivorous, vicious, and, fed on a diet of raw meat, will devour a human being" and "When the pit bull terrier was introduced into America, he was more commonly found to be owned by prize fighters, saloon keepers and habitues, sporting men and the like. From the start the breed earned an unjust reputation due to his fighting ability and the character of the owner. To this day he is still trying to live down an unjust and undeserved reputation."
Sometimes Pit people will randomly mention how Sergeant Stubby, a decorated war hero dog, was a Pit Bull. He was not. Primary (contemporary) sources most often describe Stubby as a Boston Terrier or Boston Terrier mix (this breed was sometimes called the Boston Bulldog). He is sometimes said to be a Bull Terrier (the egghead dogs) mix but he obviously resembles a Boston Terrier significantly more than a Bull Terrier. Stubby is never said to be a Pit Bull in primary sources.

9. "Pit Bulls scored 2nd highest on temperament tests and better than most family dog breeds!"

This is always referring to the ATTS, or the American Temperament Testing Society. It is refuted thoroughly in the BanPitBulls FAQ, but this is what I usually say as well:
The test was developed to test working dogs, specifically dogs meant for schutzhund work. It has never been, nor ever purported to be about testing companion animals or a breed's suitability as family pets. Scoring actually favors dogs that bite, in some cases. Breed specific temperament, aggression, and each dog's training is taken into account when scoring. This means that if a relatively untrained Lab bites a "threatening stranger" it will score far lower than a German Shepherd that bites a "threatening stranger." According to the ATTS itself, "95% of dogs who fail do so because they lack confidence" NOT because they bite. Dogs that exhibit avoidance behaviors will fail. Dogs that bite do not automatically fail. The ATTS also states that comparing scores with other dogs means nothing- the pass/fail rates cannot be compared. Different dog breeds that behave the same exact way on the test will get hugely different scores due to the fact they take inherent breed tendencies into consideration. The test is not designed to test for breed aggression, according to the ATTS website. It is more of a test of bravery for individual dogs. Timid dogs will always fail. Dogs that bite will not always fail. If anything, you could argue that the reason Pits have a high passing rate is because they bite or show aggression, although that is speculation and not proven. Either way though- the test does not test breed aggression, passing rates cannot be compared, and the test absolutely does not test for suitability as a family pet. More info here: What the ATTS is really showing.
It is also worth mentioning that the only dogs that participate in the ATTS testing are dogs brought in by their owners- it is not a random sample or scientific study of any kind. Considering the evidence showing the existence of an actual Pit Bull lobby, it would not be a reach to say these results have been intentionally manipulated (if they did even matter, which they don't).
Also, a controlled temperament test found that 13 percent, or one out of seven, pit bulls tried to bite or attack during a one hour test simulating a neighborhood walk. One out of seven pit bulls tried to bite in the span of just one hour compared to only one out of 70 golden retrievers. Note that this study was funded and authored by anti-breed ban activists: They found "no significant difference" between breeds when the definition of aggression was watered down to include even whining or crying. But pay close attention to Table 5 on page 138: out of all the breeds tested, pit bulls were markedly the worst when it came to the percentage of dogs that reached a more serious level of aggression.

10. "It's racism for dogs!"

Humans are not dogs, and dog breeds are not analogous to human races.
In addition, one cannot compare a race of people to a breed of dogs for a multitude of reasons. Dog breeds were selectively, intentionally bred for specific characteristics and traits by human beings. Humans created dog breeds based on what physical and behavioral traits we wanted them to have. (Spaniels for flushing, retrievers for fetching prey/birds without damage, livestock guardian dogs such as Great Pyrenees for protecting livestock, Huskies for endurance and energy, Pointers for pointing, etc. Different dog breeds have different behavioral tendencies because humans selectively bred them to have those tendencies). Dogs also do not suffer from cultural differences, institutionalized racism, or socioeconomic disparities. Humans are also not as heavily influenced by our instincts as dogs are. Dogs behave based on their instincts and training. Humans behave mainly on their "training." Humans also have far more complex thought processes and the ability to make complex decisions. Dogs do not. You could go on and on but that is the basic overview there- dogs were selectively bred and rely mainly on their instincts. Humans were not selectively bred and are capable of making complex and rational decisions.
Post continued in the comments due to the character limit.
submitted by Rumored17 to BanPitBulls [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 17:45 ketchupsunshine As requested: Paula Abdul claims a 1992 plane crash took her out of the spotlight. The NTSB has no record of it ever happening.

On the Paula Abdul post a couple weeks ago, I commented that I had a write-up that was almost ready to go. This goes far more in depth than that post and was heavily requested so hopefully it does not get removed this time.
In July I saw this comment and decided to look up the plane crash story, expecting it to be easily explainable one way or another. But instead I wound up with differing accounts from Paula Abdul herself, articles claiming she was lying, and lots of random gossip. So I figured I’d try to piece it together myself.
The story goes like this:
In 1992 1, Paula Abdul was flying from a performance in St. Louis to Denver while on her Under My Spell Tour (sometimes called the “Spellbound” tour, the name of the album she was promoting at this time). Then, over a cornfield in Iowa, Abdul in 2019 said the following took place:
“It all happened when I boarded a seven-seater plane and an hour into the flight one of the engines blew up and the right wing caught fire and everything went black...I woke up in the hospital only to find that I had crushed my cervical spine, leaving me partially paralyzed.”
She also stated that she underwent 15 spinal surgeries as a result of her injuries both from this and prior incidents.
But 2019 was not the first time she told this story. According to Abdul in 2005, she took one day off and she continued to perform. The 2005 account mostly matched her earliest mention of the accident in 2003. Then, in 2019, she described waking up in the hospital, partially paralyzed. The story changes in bits every time, and there is no documented mention of it at all before Abdul’s 2003 NBC interview. It’s stranger the more you read about it, and there don’t seem to be concrete answers.
What we do know for sure is that Paula Abdul’s career took a hit shortly after the time she claims the crash took place. Abdul’s next era following Spellbound, Head Over Heels, was her worst selling release. She was divorced twice between 1994 and 1998. Between her Spellbound era and about 1996, Abdul seemed to stay out of the spotlight. Part of this was due to her seeking treatment for her bulimia in 1994, which came with rumors that she was being treated for opioid addiction at the same time. Her career and personal life seemed to have gone downhill after her Under Your Spell tour, and it’s debated whether this was because of her plane crash, or whether the plane crash was invented to sweep this under the rug.

Inconsistencies:

There are a few aspects of Abdul’s story that are pointed to as proof that she is lying.
Dates:
Abdul claims to have performed in St. Louis before the fateful flight, heading to Denver, and to have boarded immediately following this performance. Her own website does not list a St. Louis tour date (although there is a date for Greenwood Village, near Denver, on June 10, 1992). The Wikipedia page for the tour uses the same dates as Abdul’s website. This has been used by some theorists as proof that the whole story is fabricated, since it gives the appearance that there wouldn’t have been a St. Louis to Denver flight at all. However, while Abdul’s own website lacks any mention of these dates, there is some evidence she may have flown from St. Louis to Denver between June 19 and June 22, 1992. 2 Rich Juzwiak at Jezebel dug up records that give us a possible date for the alleged crash. The Jezebel article cites a St. Louis Post Dispatch article from June 21, 1992, talking about a Paula Abdul concert the previous Friday at the Riverport Ampitheater. This sets a date of June 19, 1992 for St. Louis. The same Jezebel article also cites an Entertainment Weekly article from September 25, 1992, which refers to Abdul performing a show at the Fiddler’s Green Amphitheatre in a suburb of Denver on June 22. Abdul’s website lists no shows between the June 10 show in Greenwood Village and the June 23 show in Seattle. This means that there is a gap that these other two shows fit into, although it is odd they aren’t listed as part of the tour despite being part of the tour.
EDIT: As referenced in footnote 2, the Jezebel article had an edit claiming that a reader had found a Kansas City Star article listing a June 20, 1992 date at the Sandstone Ampitheater in Bonner Springs, outside of Kansas City. I couldn't find this as I was writing, but u/bookdrops dug up this Springfield News-Leader article from June 19, 1992 that references the same June 20 date at the Sandstone Ampitheater. This means that there was a date between the St. Louis and Denver shows that have been found, and to me this rules out there being a St. Louis to Denver flight at all. She could have mistaken Kansas City for St. Louis or misremembered, but her stated flight path doesn't seem to have happened.
Possible drug addiction:
Abdul’s 2009 Ladies Home Journal interview describes her spending Thanksgiving 2008 weaning herself off of a painkiller addiction:
The rumors that her sometimes-bizarre behavior was fueled by drugs just may have been true. Abdul was taking heavy-duty pain killers, though she claims she never shot an Idol episode under the influence. But last Thanksgiving, determined to overcome her habit, she checked into the La Costa Resort and Spa, in Carlsbad, California, to wean herself off her medications in one fell swoop. "I could have killed myself.... Withdrawal -- it's the worst thing," she says. "I was freezing cold, then sweating hot, then chattering and in so much pain, it was excruciating. But at my very core, I did not like existing the way I had been.”
Fans and tabloids during Abdul’s run as an American Idol judge often commented on her strange behavior, although she was quick to explain it away. The LHJ interview had direct quotes from her talking about her struggle with drug addiction.
...And then Paula Abdul went on record saying she had never said those things. In fact, according to her, she has never even been drunk. Abdul does not seem to have refuted that she went to a place called La Costa in Carlsbad, California, but she was adamant that it was just a normal spa and she had been there for only three days. While there is a rehab center in Carlsbad called La Costa, the article refers to “La Costa Resort and Spa”, which is an actual resort and spa.
Despite Abdul’s denials, there is still rampant speculation that she is or was addicted to painkillers. There’s certainly no clear-cut evidence proving she was ever an addict, but it’s also nearly impossible to disprove something. Especially when there is so much circumstantial evidence, such as her “strange” behavior that the tabloids latched onto.
Worth noting for this point is the fact that Abdul has consistently been open about her diagnosis with Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, an incredibly painful condition. This, in conjunction with her (also consistent) story about a cheerleading accident in high school followed by several smaller car accidents over the years, means that Paula Abdul already has a pretty good reason to be using painkillers. RSD and any severe chronic pain can sometimes also cause people to seem “spacey” or “loopy”, which could also explain why so many people thought she was acting strange during the time she was on American Idol.
Crash records:
The strongest piece of evidence cited by those who believe Paula Abdul is lying is the lack of evidence. There seems to be no record of this crash ever having happened. Her tour ran from October 1991 to August 1992 and despite having searched accident records 3 for that timespan I have been unable to find any record of this crash. I’ll admit to not being knowledgeable about aviation records, but it also seems telling that no one else has been able to find these records either. Abdul has denounced those who doubt her claims and while I can’t speak definitively, I would think she or her publicist would have pointed to an NTSB report if there was one.
Additionally, Abdul has been quoted several times as saying the plane landed in a cornfield in Iowa. This doesn’t fit with her claim that the flight was from St. Louis to Denver. The flight she claims to have taken is pretty much straight west, and crashing in Iowa would require a significant detour north. Not impossible, but certainly implausible at least from a layman’s understanding of air travel.
There is an NTSB report for an eight seater (not seven) plane crashing into a field in Nebraska (not Iowa), a full month before the Under My Spell tour began. It also seems to have taken off in Nebraska with an intended destination elsewhere in Nebraska, rather than going to either St. Louis or Denver, and it crashed shortly after takeoff rather than the claimed forty minutes to an hour into the flight. I cannot find any news about what Abdul would’ve been doing in Nebraska in September 1991, so I don’t believe this is the accident. There is also a record of an accident in Englewood, Colorado on June 10, 1992. Paula Abdul had a concert in nearby Greenwood Village on the same day, but the description of the plane and accident do not match her story at all. These two are the only records that I have seen that match any part of her story, and neither is a good fit.

Theories:

Theory 1: Paula Abdul was actually in some sort of incident on a plane in 1992, but has embellished what happened and this is why no one has been able to track down records of the event. The most common theory in this camp is that the plane experienced some turbulence, she wasn’t wearing her seatbelt, and she experienced an injury. This possibly compounded with previous injuries (such as the cheerleading accident she often mentions in conjunction with the plane crash story) and caused severe harm, but the plane did not crash. There’s a lot of overlap between this theory and the others, and how much overlap exists between theories depends on who you ask.
Theory 2: Paula Abdul was not in any aviation accidents in 1992 and she is using this story to cover up painkiller use and/or her extended absence from the limelight before her American Idol job.
One of these theories revolves around the idea that Paula invented the plane crash in 2003, after regaining the limelight as an American Idol judge, to give herself an excuse for falling out of the public eye and to distract from the downturn in her career and personal life during this period. The other, more popular theory, is that she used the plane crash as an excuse to either explain away her loopy behavior during her American Idol years as non-drug related (if you believe 2005 USA Today “I have never been addicted to anything” Paula Abdul) or to excuse it as being caused by medication prescribed to her for her injuries.
Theory 3: Paula Abdul is telling the truth about being in a crash and her story was brought into doubt due to some unfortunate gaps in information, such as the NTSB records being incomplete/the accident not being reported at all, her own choice to keep quiet for an extended period of time, and miscommunications about whether or not she was using pain medication. There is enough room for the basic story to be true. Admittedly, the story has changed so much that at least some versions will be lies even if one version was the truth. If this is the case I will certainly apologize for fueling speculation otherwise...but I would consider this the least likely option.

Conclusion/discussion:

Regardless of whatever the actual story is regarding the plane crash, it’s pretty clear that Paula Abdul struggles with chronic pain and I do not intend to make light of this at all or to shame her if she has struggled with addiction. It’s just very strange that there is no proof of this event ever happening. Did Paula Abdul get injured on a plane in 1992? Was she covering for a painkiller addiction, and was that part of why she went to rehab in 1994? Was she covering for being out of the spotlight? Is Paula Abdul actually sober like she claims, and is her strange behavior actually just her being Paula Abdul rather than drugs or alcohol? Was this a ploy for attention that ripped off of Gloria Estefan’s accident? Why did it take eleven years after the alleged accident for there to be a single documented mention of it? I’m very curious what everyone else thinks about this case.
My personal theory (which is based as much on gut feelings as it is on actual information, since the info is so spotty) is that she was on a plane during the Under My Spell tour, wasn’t wearing a seatbelt, and was injured when the plane experienced turbulence mid-flight. This compounded her existing spinal injuries and her condition deteriorated for several years until around 1994 her health problems prevented her from working. She took a break from the limelight to recover, came back for American Idol, and decided to embellish her story to garner sympathy and distract from the other issues (the relative commercial failure of Head Over Heels, her divorces) that contributed to her break. I’m unsure on whether or not she had an addiction to painkillers but I lean towards “no”. Her story of using alternative medicine in response to her injuries from the crash partially convinced me that the strange behavior people point to as proof of her being on drugs is actually just her being herself. She seems like a bit of an odd duck.

Footnotes:

1 Some articles list 1993 as the date of the crash, including some quotes from Abdul herself, but in the grand scheme of things this did not seem particularly significant. The tour she mentions ran from 1991 to 1992, and most articles state 1992. Because of this I am assuming that this is a mistake rather than an actual lie. Specifically the 2009 Ladies Home Journal interview says she was in a car accident in 1992 that caused a neck injury, and places the plane crash in 1993. This is the closest thing to a “contradictory” date I have seen but it also is not a quote from Paula Abdul herself. Make of this what you will.
2 According to an edit in the Jezebel story, there was a Kansas City Star article claiming Abdul had performed in Kansas City on June 20, 1992, which would basically rule out a St. Louis to Denver flight. However, I’ve tried searching and can’t find this article. If anyone is able to find it I’d be happy to edit it in, but I’m not including information I can’t verify. EDIT: Link to confirmation of Sandstone Amphitheater concert, so there is now proof of this and I have edited the post accordingly.
3 This specific link has a disclaimer that records have only been natively uploaded since 1996. So although there are pre-1996 records available on this site, there is no guarantee that these records are complete. The other link provided does not contain the same disclaimer and has far more complete records, but I have no way to verify that they are 100% complete.

Sources/further reading:

2003 NBC interview, earliest mention of the accident.
2005 People interview, discusses details including plane route.
A 2005 drug allegation and denial.
2009 Ladies Home Journal interview, discusses going to rehab for painkiller addiction. Page 2 of same interview. This has been denounced by Abdul herself.
A detailed account of the accident itself, told in 2019.
An in depth Jezebel investigation from 2019.
2020 Yahoo interview where Abdul discusses people doubting her and why she did not speak about the crash earlier.
Paula Abdul’s website page for the tour, which mentions the plane crash but does not list the relevant tour dates.
submitted by ketchupsunshine to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 01:29 HugeCanoe Reddit stock threads are becoming a must-read on Wall Street

Are you young, newly rich from stock trading and ready to take the plunge in options? Wall Street is following your every move.
With the sway of stay-at-home traders growing and starting to eclipse other influences on equities, figuring out who is doing what among amateur stock dabblers has become a critical mission for big investors. They're canvassing Reddit threads such as wallstreetbets and picks at retail brokerages, plugging data into programs and trying to gain an edge.
Big investors are canvassing Reddit threads such as wallstreetbets. Eva Blue/Flickr
Although alternative data has been a buzzword for years, demand has exploded this year. First it was COVID-19 infection charts and travel and dining trends. Now it's intel on what retail investors are doing with their cash. As their heft in markets has grown, individuals have morphed into a force Wall Street can't afford to ignore.
"When you see episodes in the market, heavy bouts of buying or selling, it's important to know where they're coming from and why," said Quincy Krosby, chief market strategist at Prudential Financial , who admits she checks sites such as Twitter.com often to gauge retail trends. "Ultimately, retail investors have an effect on the market."
Lured by zero fees and probably boredom while stuck at home during the pandemic, retail investors have flocked to stocks. They now account for 20 per cent of equity trading, according to an analysis by Bloomberg Intelligence's Larry Tabb, making them the second-largest group of investors in the market.
Advertisement Not only are they trading cash equities, they've also become a formidable presence in options, where frenetic buying forces dealers to hedge, whipping up stocks further. Amid significantly higher options volume generally, one lot trades - smaller ones often done by retail clients - have more than doubled to 12 per cent of total options volume this year, according to Chris Murphy, Susquehanna International Group's co-head of derivatives strategy.
"In terms of how important is that flow? It's twice as important," Murphy said by phone. "It's significantly more important."
Signs of retail interest abounded for Tesla, including at Robinhood, as early as July before the shares staged an 80 per cent run. A Goldman Sachs basket of stocks most popular with individual investors is up 40 per cent this year and has surged 90 per cent since March lows, more than the price gains for both the Nasdaq 100 and the S&P 500.
Reddit 'degenerates' Benn Eifert, chief investment officer of hedge fund QVR Advisors, points to the wallstreetbets thread on Reddit, which boasts 1.5 million users - "degenerates", using the site's own nomenclature.
"There are influencers within that community that will say, 'All right, today we're buying the Tesla $US2500 [$3422] calls for next Friday,' and the volumes that will print are huge," Eifert said in an interview. "And you better believe that the most sophisticated options players in the world - the Susquehannas and Citadel Securities - are extremely focused on this flow and predicting it in real-time."
There are plenty of examples of websites and platforms that attempt to scan wallstreetbets to create alert systems. A page on Medium.com - an online publishing platform - is dedicated to "Momentum Trading off Sentiment from wallstreetbets". A blog post on a website called algotrading101.com reads "Web Scraping Tutorial - Reddit Data for Finance".
"We have plenty of people that have tried to leverage Wall Street Bets in some form or another for opportunity, for profit," said Jaime Rogozinski, the thread's founder. "Some shady, some legal, some blatantly illegal."
As an institutional sales trader, Susquehanna's Murphy tracks retail trends in options and supplies it to clients, alongside other research. He tends towards classic market data, and based on trading volume and size, he's able to tell if retail flow is flooding in. In the past, before website Robintrack.net - which provided hourly updates on retail stock demand - was forced to shut when the Robinhood investing app curtailed access to data, he'd sometimes use the site to confirm his suspicions.
"You can't look at Robintrack any more, but usually I would be more likely to reverse-engineer it," Murphy said. "I pull up Robintrack just to confirm, 'Ah, yeah, it's number five, or it's moving up'. You could try to go the other way, but not having Robintrack now makes it a little bit more difficult."
When it was live, Robintrack attracted hedge funds and other large financial firms that were interested in aggregating the site's data. The website, built in three months as a college side project, may no longer exist in an up-to-date form, but that hasn't deterred large professional players from tracking retail investment decisions. Rather, they're getting more creative.
Bloomberg
How the coronavirus is changing markets
https://www.afr.com/markets/equity-markets/reddit-stock-threads-are-becoming-a-must-read-on-wall-street-20200916-p55w1q
submitted by HugeCanoe to ASX_Bets [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 23:29 Rumored17 Refutations for Every Main Pro-Pit Argument

1."It's all how you raise them."

And more:
• ⁠Lockwood, R. A. N. D. A. L. L. (2016). Ethology, ecology and epidemiology of canine aggression. The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behaviour & Interactions with People,, 160-181.
• ⁠Abrantes, R., Site, A., Camp, S., Diving, F. A. Q., Camp, G. P., Pages, M., ... & User, C. C. (2016). Aggressive Behavior—Inheritance and Environment.
• ⁠van den Berg, L. I. N. D. A. (2016). Genetics of dog behavior. The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behavior and Interactions with People, 5, 69.
• ⁠O'Neill, D. G., & Packer, R. M. (2016). The First Canine Behavior and Genetics Conference: Summary and recommendations for future directions in canine behavioral science. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 16, 6-12.
• ⁠Sørensen, M. (2016). Breeding aggression: Review of recent literature concerning the influence of genes on aggressive behaviour (Doctoral dissertation).
• ⁠Schilder, M. B., van der Borg, J. A., & Vinke, C. M. (2019). Intraspecific killing in dogs: predation behavior or aggression? A study of aggressors, victims, possible causes and motivations. Journal of Veterinary Behavior.
These studies all show that genetics play a large role in dog behavior. Most are related to Pit Bulls or aggression, but some just show that there are noticeable differences between dog breeds based on their breed. Here are some anecdotal sources to support the claims that Pit Bulls are born with a tendency to be aggressive:
In addition, "it's all how you raise them" goes against the very existence of dog breeds. If someone is arguing this, they are saying a Labrador Retriever will have the same instincts as a Border Collie, which will have the same instincts as a Doberman, which will have the same instincts as a Great Pyrenees, which will have the same instincts as a Dachshund, etc. This is observably and demonstrably false. Humans created different dog breeds with different temperaments and physical and behavioral traits through selective breeding. This is why dog breeds exist, this is why breed standards exist, this is why people can reasonably and accurately predict how a dog will act based on breed. Are there exceptions? Of course. However, that is just what they are- exceptions. Different dog breeds have different traits and tendencies dependent on what they were selectively bred for.

2. "Chihuahuas are more aggressive."

This is just a disingenuous attempt to derail the conversation. Even if Chihuahuas are more aggressive, they don't/can't kill people. If Chihuahuas were as large as Pit Bulls, perhaps this would be a conversation worth having- seeing as this is not the case, there is no argument to be had here.
I try to emphasize that the issue with Pits is how many people and pets they kill. Pit Bulls are not just biting people- they are killing, severely maiming, and mauling people. There is a huge difference, and it is important to recognize many Pit fanatics will try to lump in all dog bites with the maulings Pit Bulls are responsible for. They are not the same. This is similar to the "Labs bite more" argument- again, we are not just talking about bites. Keep the discussion focused on severe maulings, maimings, and deaths, because that is what BSL targets.
From 1982-2020 no Chihuahua has ever killed anyone. This source breaks down attacks by breed, child or adult victim, and death or maiming.

3. "There's no such thing as a Pit Bull." and "Pit Bulls can't be identified."

A good way to avoid even getting to this apologist bingo point is by using the phrasing "Pit Bull type dogs" as opposed to Pit Bulls. However, you can also just explain that "Pit Bull" is an umbrella term for four closely related dog breeds- the American Pit Bull Terrier, the American Staffordshire Terrier, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and the American Bully. The American Pit Bull Terrier and the American Staffordshire Terrier are actually so similar they can be dual registered as an AmStaff with the AKC and a APBT with the UKC. Until recently, most dog DNA tests would not even separate AmStaff from APBT due to the extreme similarities. This is also just another deflection technique- everyone knows what someone means by "Pit Bull" just as everyone knows what someone means by "Golden Retriever." This is what "pit bull" means legally.
Now, because "Pit Bull" does refer to 4 dog breeds rather than one, Pit apologists will often cry "well of course 4 dog breeds will kill more people!" but keep in mind that these 4 dog breeds have killed more people than 300+ other dog breeds combined. The Pit Bull umbrella kills more people than every other group or type of dogs and more than every other dog breed combined.
Regarding Pit Bulls being unidentifiable:
Pit Bulls have just as many obvious identifying characteristics as other dog breeds. There is no reason to believe Pit Bulls suffer from misidentification more than other dog breeds. There is reason to believe Pit Bulls are intentionally mislabeled as other breeds when in shelters, however. In addition, when discussing fatal Pit Bull attacks specifically, more often than not there are photos of the Pit Bulls involved so anyone can verify for themselves if they were Pit Bull type dogs. Genetic testing is not required for breed identification- anyone who argues this is being disingenuous. Another point is that we are constantly inundated with Pro-Pit propaganda; there is simply no way we can have Pixar shorts such as Kitbull and a new Dodo video every week about Pit Bulls and still be expected to believe the average person cannot visually identify a Pit Bull.

4. Pits are no more dangerous than other dogs.

The statistics also support our side here- Pit Bulls have killed more people than all other dog breeds combined. Pit Bulls are not the largest, nor the strongest dogs out there. They do not have the strongest bite force. They are more deadly than other dog breeds because humans selectively bred them to be as deadly as possible. They are deadly due to the nature of their attacks and the behavioral traits they display when attacking such as gameness and a bite style mentioned in some of these studies, along with their physical traits.

5. "It used to be Dobermans, Rottweilers, and German Shepherds that people wanted to ban!"

Pit Bulls have killed more people than those three breeds ever did, even at the height of their popularity, even combined. There is also no evidence supporting this claim, and in fact, quite a lot of evidence showing it's completely false.
It is important to note as well that none of these breeds have an entire lobby supporting them. They do not have communities dedicated to attack victim harassment, misinformation, and lies, unlike the Pit Bull has. Something interesting to consider is the bias online when looking at these breeds and other restricted breeds vs pages about Pit Bulls. Wikipedia in particular is very obviously being manipulated by Pit Bull fanatics.
None of this manipulation is occurring on the pages for Dobermans, Rottweilers, or German Shepherds. These three breeds never reached anywhere close to the level of suffering and carnage Pit Bulls are responsible for. There has never been a concerted effort to ban these breeds, although some are targeted by apartment restrictions due to insurance issues. There is also no lobby supporting the misinformation and misrepresentation of these breeds.

6. "Dogsbite.org is biased and unreliable."

Dogsbite is completely open and transparent about their data collection strategies. They provide identification photographs and have all of their citations publicly listed. Citations and Photographs
Here is a challenge I like to give to people who claim Dogsbite is unreliable, although I have yet to receive a legitimate response:
Have you actually looked into dogsbite.org yourself? You do know that dogsbite tracks every fatal dog attack, regardless if it's a Pit or not? It appears anti-Pit because most fatal dog attacks are done by Pits. They're not only posting Pit attacks- there are just so many more fatal Pit attacks than other breeds it appears they are.
Here's a proposal for you:
Go to 2020 and late 2019, a time frame for which news reports are still abundantly available all over the internet, and fact-check ANY FOUR DOG-BITE FATALITIES OF YOUR CHOOSING, two where the killer dogs are said to be pit/mixes, and two cases where the killer dogs are not said to be pit/mixes:
  1. Did DogsBite accurately name the person killed?
  2. Did DogsBite accurately summarize the circumstances in which the person was killed?
  3. Did DogsBite accurately identify the breed(s) of the killer dog(s)?
  4. Did DogsBite provide a photo or photos of the killer dog(s) so you can judge for yourself what type of dog(s) you think did the killing?
DogsBite and Wikipedia both provide links to news stories about these fatal attacks. If you don't want to use the news links provided by DogsBite, then use the ones on Wikipedia that cover the same stories. DogsBite also provides links to autopsy reports, police reports and 911 calls, so you can compare these primary sources with the summaries on the DogsBite page and assess whether those summaries are accurate.

7. "Human aggressive Pit Bulls were culled!"

This is a myth. While human aggression was not something that was typically selectively bred for it is a myth that most human aggressive Pits were culled. That was not the case, and it still is not the case today. One look at shelter descriptions of Pits with bite histories and severe aggression issues shows these dogs are not being euthanized, and there are several instances of Pit Bulls who have killed people being bred.
There's no evidence whatsoever that dog fighters routinely destroyed human-aggressive dogs and refused to breed them. u/NorthTwoZero wrote at length about why it's a myth here, and this blogger put together a documented list of famously human-aggressive fighting dogs who not only weren't "culled" but were bred so often that they produced over 1,200 known, registered offspring:
"The man-biters were culled and the pit bulls were not bred for human aggression myths were created from thin air, complete fabrications. There is not a sliver of truth in the myth that dogmen culled man-biters. Not only weren't human aggressive pit fighters NOT culled, but a talented man-biter was heavily bred, his stud services were in high demand and the stud fees commanded a premium. The progeny of man-biters are still sought out long after he or she has passed away. This Italian game-dog website lists their choice for the Best Ever fighting dogs, three of the five are known man-biters and the other two trace their origins to the others on their "Best" list. Some famous man-biters have their own facebook fan pages. If you happen to be a 10x winner with 3 kills and scratching on the carcass, people tend to overlook a little thing like the danger she poses to people and she is also likely to be nominated for the cover of this month's International Sporting Dog Journal. Some famous man-biters not only have a facebook fan page, they have their own promotional merchandise too."

8. "Pit Bulls were nanny dogs!" or "Pit Bulls were America's dog!"

First, I usually ask questions that demonstrate out how absurd that claim is. What is a nanny dog? What duties does a nanny dog perform? Why would a dog type be called a "Pit Bull" if it nannied? Where does the name "Pit Bull" come from? Why is it necessary for Pits to have such large, gaping mouths and extremely muscular bodies if they were nannies? Then here is some actual info:
The first appearance of the term "Nanny Dog" dates from a 1971 NYT interview with the then president of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club of America, Lillian Rant, who called Staffordshire Bull Terriers "nursemaid dogs" for no apparent reason (other than to attempt to re-brand fighting dogs as family pets).
BAD RAP shared a link.
It's Dog Bite Prevention Week. Did you know that there was never such thing as a 'Nanny's Dog'? This term was a recent invention created to describe the myriad of vintage photos of children enjoying their family pit bulls (see link for details about vintage photos). While the intention behind the term was innocent, using it may mislead parents into being careless with their children around their family dog - A recipe for dog bites!
Regarding Pits being "America's dog": Bronwen Dickey (author of incredibly biased and unscientific book "Pit Bull: The Battle over an American Icon") and other pit bull advocates argue that pit bulls were historically beloved in the U.S. until the dogs became associated with urban people of color in the 1970s, so Pit Bull stigma is really about being racist toward black and brown people.
But pit bulls were not historically beloved in the U.S. nor were they popularly regarded as a positive symbol of plucky can-do spirit. Joseph Colby, in his lifetime one of the world's leading authorities on the Pit Bull Terrier, wrote in 1936 that "The general public is under the impression that this breed is carnivorous, vicious, and, fed on a diet of raw meat, will devour a human being" and "When the pit bull terrier was introduced into America, he was more commonly found to be owned by prize fighters, saloon keepers and habitues, sporting men and the like. From the start the breed earned an unjust reputation due to his fighting ability and the character of the owner. To this day he is still trying to live down an unjust and undeserved reputation."
Sometimes Pit people will randomly mention how Sergeant Stubby, a decorated war hero dog, was a Pit Bull. He was not. Primary (contemporary) sources most often describe Stubby as a Boston Terrier or Boston Terrier mix (this breed was sometimes called the Boston Bulldog). He is sometimes said to be a Bull Terrier (the egghead dogs) mix but he obviously resembles a Boston Terrier significantly more than a Bull Terrier. Stubby is never said to be a Pit Bull in primary sources.

9. "Pit Bulls scored 2nd highest on temperament tests and better than most family dog breeds!"

This is always referring to the ATTS, or the American Temperament Testing Society. It is refuted thoroughly in the BanPitBulls FAQ, but this is what I usually say as well:
The test was developed to test working dogs, specifically dogs meant for schutzhund work. It has never been, nor ever purported to be about testing companion animals or a breed's suitability as family pets. Scoring actually favors dogs that bite, in some cases. Breed specific temperament, aggression, and each dog's training is taken into account when scoring. This means that if a relatively untrained Lab bites a "threatening stranger" it will score far lower than a German Shepherd that bites a "threatening stranger."
According to the ATTS itself, "95% of dogs who fail do so because they lack confidence" NOT because they bite. Dogs that exhibit avoidance behaviors will fail. Dogs that bite do not automatically fail.
The ATTS also states that comparing scores with other dogs means nothing- the pass/fail rates cannot be compared. Different dog breeds that behave the same exact way on the test will get hugely different scores due to the fact they take inherent breed tendencies into consideration.
The test is not designed to test for breed aggression, according to the ATTS website. It is more of a test of bravery for individual dogs. Timid dogs will always fail. Dogs that bite will not always fail.
If anything, you could argue that the reason Pits have a high passing rate is because they bite or show aggression, although that is speculation and not proven. Either way though- the test does not test breed aggression, passing rates cannot be compared, and the test absolutely does not test for suitability as a family pet.
More info here: What the ATTS is really showing.
It is also worth mentioning that the only dogs that participate in the ATTS testing are dogs brought in by their owners- it is not a random sample or scientific study of any kind. Considering the evidence showing the existence of an actual Pit Bull lobby, it would not be a reach to say these results have been intentionally manipulated (if they did even matter, which they don't).
Also, a controlled temperament test found that 13 percent, or one out of seven, pit bulls tried to bite or attack during a one hour test simulating a neighborhood walk. One out of seven pit bulls tried to bite in the span of just one hour compared to only one out of 70 golden retrievers. Note that this study was funded and authored by anti-breed ban activists: They found "no significant difference" between breeds when the definition of aggression was watered down to include even whining or crying. But pay close attention to Table 5 on page 138: out of all the breeds tested, pit bulls were markedly the worst when it came to the percentage of dogs that reached a more serious level of aggression.

10. "It's racism for dogs!"

Humans are not dogs, and dog breeds are not analogous to human races.
In addition, one cannot compare a race of people to a breed of dogs for a multitude of reasons. Dog breeds were selectively, intentionally bred for specific characteristics and traits by human beings. Humans created dog breeds based on what physical and behavioral traits we wanted them to have. (Spaniels for flushing, retrievers for fetching prey/birds without damage, livestock guardian dogs such as Great Pyrenees for protecting livestock, Huskies for endurance and energy, Pointers for pointing, etc. Different dog breeds have different behavioral tendencies because humans selectively bred them to have those tendencies). Dogs also do not suffer from cultural differences, institutionalized racism, or socioeconomic disparities. Humans are also not as heavily influenced by our instincts as dogs are. Dogs behave based on their instincts and training. Humans behave mainly on their "training." Humans also have far more complex thought processes and the ability to make complex decisions. Dogs do not. You could go on and on but that is the basic overview there- dogs were selectively bred and rely mainly on their instincts. Humans were not selectively bred and are capable of making complex and rational decisions.
Post continued in the comments due to the character limit.
submitted by Rumored17 to BanPitBulls [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 15:41 Past-PerformanceBD Best ideas to grow up your business

Best ideas to grow up your business
Here is 25 simple idea for you,
Business idea
1. Smartphone repair
Many consumers buying smartphones, there’s a definite need for repair services. You could start a business where you have people bring in or send you their devices so you can fix various issues.
2. Smartphone accessory manufacturing
You can manufacture different accessories to go with smartphones, like charging cords, speakers, and lenses.
3. Refurbished device sales
Producing actual computers and smartphones can be a larger scale operation. But you could still have a business where you sell those devices by refurbishing older models with new and improved parts.
4. Computer parts manufacturing
You might consider manufacturing different computer parts, especially if you can narrow down a specific niche.
5. Social networking site
There are little big-name social networking platforms already. But you never know when the next major one might emerge.
6. Social media consulting
You could use your expertise in social media to start a consulting business where you help brands create strategies and content for various platforms.
7. Seo specialist
Seo specialists help businesses and online publishers optimize their online content for search engines.
8. Online advertising platform
Online advertising also another high tech area of online marketing. You can create your own platform where you connect businesses looking to advertise online with website owners who want to earn ad revenue.
9. Digital marketing consulting
You can focus more generally on online marketing for business clients, helping them with everything from advertising to content marketing.
10. Online dating site
Another type of website or app that you can earn a revenue from, create a dating platform that helps connect people with similar interests.
11.web design service
You could also use your tech-savvy, along with design skills, to design and develop websites for businesses and other clients.
12. Software development service
Also, you could become a freelance software developer to create programs for specific clients.
13. App development service
Mobile apps are also becoming increasingly important for businesses. You may work with clients who want to have their own apps on a freelance basis.
14. Mobile app sales
Or you may develop your own mobile apps instead of working with clients. Then you can make money by charging for the apps or offering in-app purchases.
15. Info-tech shop
If you’re interested in starting a sort of retail business, you could open up a one-stop-shop where people can purchase tech items or bring in their gadgets for repairs.
16. Cloud-based phone service
To serve your clients to communicate more effectively, you could start a phone service that’s based online using cloud technology.
17. Internet cafe
Cafes are becoming more popular for freelancers and others looking for a comfortable place to use wifi. You can set up a small coffee shop or coworking space where you offer internet access and other tech amenities.
18. Ecommerce platform
To help other entrepreneurs make a living online, you can create a platform where sellers can upload products to list for sales.
19. Shopping app
Or you could create a mobile shopping platform that lets customers browse products and shop right from their smartphones.
20. Tech video channel
Or you may opt for creating video content about technology, using a platform like youtube to earn revenue.
21. Tech gadget rentals
If you have the ability to purchase tech gadgets that people might want to rent for specific situations, like projectors for presentations or cameras for photoshoots, you can start another business where you let customers rent those items.
22. Computer setup service
To help individuals who don’t want to go through the lengthy computer setup process on their own, you could charge a small fee to handle that task for them.
23. Live chat service
Live chat is becoming more prevalent for businesses and website owners that need a way to communicate with customers in real-time. So you can offer a plugin or platform to offer to those entities.
24. Analytics service
You could also create an online platform that allows businesses or website owners to gather analytical data about website performance, customer interactions, or other online functions.
25. Influencer marketing platform
Influencer marketing is becoming a huge part of online marketing for a lot of businesses. So you could use your tech-savvy to create a platform that connects influencers with relevant brands to work with.
submitted by Past-PerformanceBD to u/Past-PerformanceBD [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 16:50 Euronotus Vicky (21L - Northern Atlantic)


Other discussions

Latest news

Last updated: Thursday, 17 September 2020 - 11:00 AM AST (15:00 UTC)

A stubborn Vicky resists increasing shear

Hurricane Teddy continues to impart strengthening southwesterly to westerly shear onto Vicky this morning, causing the cyclone to become considerably weaker and shallower in vertical structure. Animated infrared imagery depicts a significant decrease in convective development, with whatever remains of the cyclone's thunderstorm activity becoming sparse and spread out across the cyclone's shallow and broad circulation. Vicky continues to produce robust poleward outflow; however, the strengthening flow from the southwest continues to choke off Vicky's equatorward outflow.
Intensity estimates derived from satellite imagery analysis and recent scatterometer data indicates that Vicky has weakened into a tropical depression, with maximum one-minute sustained winds decreasing to 30 knots (55 kilometers per hour). The increasingly shallow cyclone is now moving westward under the steering influence of the low-level easterlies.
Latest data NHC Advisory #14 11:00 AM AST (15:00 UTC)
Current location: 21.4°N 38.2°W 917 miles (1476 km) WNW of Mindelo, Cabo Verde
Forward motion: W (260°) at 7 knots (22 km/h)
Maximum winds: 30 knots (55 km/h)
Intensity: Tropical Depression
Minimum pressure: 1008 millibars (29.77 inches)

Forecast discussion

Last updated: Thursday, 17 September 2020 - 11:00 AM AST (15:00 UTC)

Vicky should degenerate into a remnant low tonight

Strengthening shear is expected to strip Vicky of whatever remains of its deep convection by this evening, causing the cyclone to degenerate into a remnant low. Vicky should continue to drift toward the west to west-northwest over the next couple of days until its low-level circulation unravels into an open trough and dissipates.

Official forecast

Forecast Valid: Thursday, 17 September 2020 - 11:00 AM AST (15:00 UTC)
Hour Date Time Intensity Winds - Lat Long
- - UTC AST - knots km/h ºN ºW
00 17 Sep 12:00 08:00 Tropical Depression 30 55 21.4 38.2
12 18 Sep 00:00 20:00 Remnant Low 25 45 21.0 39.6
24 18 Sep 12:00 08:00 Remnant Low 25 45 20.4 41.3
36 19 Sep 00:00 20:00 Remnant Low 20 35 19.6 43.0
48 19 Sep 12:00 08:00 Dissipated

Official information sources

National Hurricane Center

Satellite imagery

Floater imagery

Visible imagery

Infrared imagery

Water vapor imagery

Multispectral imagery

Microwave imagery

Multiple Bands

Regional imagery

Radar

Unavailable

Tropical Depression Vicky is situated too far away from public-facing Doppler radar sites.

Analysis graphics and data

Wind analysis

Scatterometer data

EUMETSAT Ocean and Sea Ice Satellite Analysis Facility

Sea surface temperatures

Model guidance

Storm-Specific Guidance

Western Atlantic Guidance

submitted by Euronotus to TropicalWeather [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 14:43 Euronotus Teddy (20L - Northern Atlantic)


Other discussions

Latest news

Last updated: Friday, 18 September 2020 - 12:40 PM AST (04:40 UTC)

Teddy reaches Category 4 major hurricane strength

Teddy appears to be entering a pause in the rapid intensification it underwent earlier in the afternoon. The cyclone appears to be maintaining Category 4 hurricane strength this evening, as satellite imagery analysis continues to depict a dense ring of deep convection which continues to wrap completely around the cyclone's ragged, but clear eye. Teddy's deepest convection appears to be to the west and southwest of the low-level center, which may be shielding the inner core from moderate southwesterly shear and the potential entrainment of dry mid-level air into the cyclone's circulation.
Intensity estimates derived from satellite imagery and aerial reconnaissance data from a NOAA Hurricane Hunter research mission into the cyclone this evening indicate that maximum one-minute sustained winds have leveled off at 120 knots (220 kilometers per hour). Teddy continues to move toward the northwest along the southwestern periphery of a deep-layer subtropical ridge entrenched over the central Atlantic Ocean this evening.
Latest data NHC Advisory #23 11:00 PM AST (03:00 UTC)
Current location: 20.9°N 54.7°W 1002 miles (1612 km) SSE of Hamilton, Bermuda
Forward motion: NW (315°) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Maximum winds: 120 knots (220 km/h)
Intensity: Hurricane (Category 4)
Minimum pressure: 945 millibars (27.91 inches)

Forecast discussion

Last updated: Friday, 18 September 2020 - 12:40 PM AST (04:40 UTC)

Teddy could near Category 5 strength tonight

Teddy continues to move through an increasingly favorable environment characterized by gradually weakening southwesterly shear (10 to 15 knots), a warming sea surface (28 to 29°C), and strong divergence aloft. The only limiting factor present at the moment is low mid-level moisture; however, the cyclone's dense convective field appears to be doing a fine job of preventing this dry air from penetrating into the circulation. Upper-level wind analysis and water vapor imagery depict an upper-level anticyclone over Teddy this evening, enhancing the cyclone's robust radial outflow pattern.
Teddy may undergo some additional strengthening tonight, reaching a peak of 125 knots (230 kilometers per hour) by early Friday morning. There are likely to be some fluctuations in intensity as the cyclone undergoes eyewall replacement cycles and other structural changes on Friday. The timing and intensity of these fluctuations will be difficult to predict, as the mechanics of eyewall replacement remain poorly understood.

Teddy will gradually weaken as it approaches Bermuda

Teddy is expected to gradually weaken as it heads toward Bermuda over the next couple of days. A combination of strengthening southerly to southwesterly shear associated with a deepening mid-latitude trough sliding eastward from the East Coast of the United States will work in tandem with cooler sea-surface temperatures left behind by Hurricane Paulette to erode Teddy's strength through the weekend.
Teddy is expected to undergo a sharp northward turn on Sunday afternoon as the approaching mid-latitude trough wears away the western periphery of the steering ridge and carries the cyclone northward. The close proximity of the trough will also introduce increased southerly to southwesterly shear into Teddy's structure, causing it to weaken further.

Bermuda remains within the cone of uncertainty

While Teddy is not expected to make as direct an impact to the island of Bermuda as Hurricane Paulette did a couple days ago, the cyclone is still expected to pass very closely to the east of the island as it begins its northward turn. As Teddy makes its closest approach to the island, it will remain at Category 3 major hurricane strength and may lash the island with periodic heavy rainfall and strong winds.

Teddy may remain at hurricane strength when it reaches Canada on Tuesday

Forecast uncertainty increases once Teddy pulls northward away from Bermuda on Monday and Tuesday. Model guidance suggests that Teddy will begin to interact with a mid-level cyclone off the Atlantic coast of Canada on Monday night or Tuesday. It is not yet certain whether Teddy will reach the coast of Nova Scotia on Tuesday as a full-fledged hurricane or if it will have transitioned into a powerful extratropical cyclone by then. Either way, residents of Nova Scotia should continue to closely monitor this cyclone over the next few days.

Official forecast

Forecast valid: Thursday, 17 September 2020 - 11:00 PM AST (03:00 UTC)
Hour Date Time Intensity Winds - Lat Long
- - UTC AST - knots kph ºN ºW
00 18 Sep 00:00 20:00 Hurricane (Category 4) 120 220 20.9 54.7
12 18 Sep 12:00 08:00 Hurricane (Category 4) 125 230 22.1 55.7
24 19 Sep 00:00 20:00 Hurricane (Category 4) 120 220 23.8 57.1
36 19 Sep 12:00 08:00 Hurricane (Category 4) 115 215 25.6 58.8
48 20 Sep 00:00 20:00 Hurricane (Category 3) 110 205 27.4 60.8
60 20 Sep 12:00 08:00 Hurricane (Category 3) 110 205 29.0 62.6
72 21 Sep 00:00 20:00 Hurricane (Category 3) 105 195 30.7 63.5
96 22 Sep 00:00 20:00 Hurricane (Category 2) 90 165 36.9 62.2
120 23 Sep 00:00 20:00 Hurricane (Category 1) 65 120 44.0 63.0

Official information sources

National Hurricane Center

Bermuda Weather Service

Satellite imagery

Floater imagery

Visible imagery

Infrared imagery

Water vapor imagery

Multispectral imagery

Microwave imagery

Multiple Bands

Regional imagery

Radar

Unavailable

Tropical Storm Teddy is situated too far away from public-facing Doppler radar sites.

Analysis graphics and data

Wind analysis

Scatterometer data

EUMETSAT Ocean and Sea Ice Satellite Analysis Facility

Sea surface temperatures

Model guidance

Storm-Specific Guidance

Western Atlantic Guidance

submitted by Euronotus to TropicalWeather [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 08:52 TheAtomicEsquire LEVIATHAN Rising: A Spacedy Pleblore Project [Part I: Intro and ZE GERMANS]

Introduction to LEVIATHAN Rising: A Spacedy Pleblore Project
So, what is all this then? It is the out-of-control Kudzu Worldbuilding of a bona fide space cadet who simply loves trying to answer narrative questions about "how?" and "why?". Though that doesn't answer much. Probably best to start at the beginning.
LEVIATHAN Rising began as a submod idea for adding Space Race content for the other American presidents who are not John Glenn. It wasn't long before I could see that that was never going to happen, because I had no idea how to make my ideas mechanically meaningful nor any no good reason why, if I was just writing a story, why it had to be in HoI4 rather than a medium which didn't require me to learn to do some coding. It's since grown a bit in scope since then, with the goal of trying to reasonably detailed and (hopefully) workable space programs that are each unique and interesting in their own way.
The initial target of the project is to produce four installments -- like the one below -- addressing the origins up to 1962 of the space programs of the four nations that either are supposed to be part of the Space Race or who have events that establish them as having a mature launching capability: Germany, Japan, the United States, and Italy. (I will probably break my own rule and take Italy past 1962, as it's the odd duck whose becoming a space-launching power is the one that occurs in-game.) That should provide, at the very least, a resource for anyone who might be pondering these questions themselves and maybe even provide some inspiration to someone.
Whether I finish is another question entirely. And given that we haven't even gotten to the titular LEVIATHAN Plan yet, well...
Part I: Those Stupid Jetpack Nazis and a (Not So) Brief History of Der Mondflug
The Origins of the Ten-Year Plan and Reichsparteitag Mission Architecture
Unlike its American and Japanese counterparts, the origins of the German space program can be traced directly to the actions of just two men: Werner von Braun and Hermann Goering. The former, the father of the German ballistic missile program, had always seen his work at Peenemunde as merely a first-step on the long road towards mankind’s expansion into the great expanse beyond our world. Braun would never be shy about evangelizing on the subject of space or using the immense pool of aeronautical talent assembled over the years at Peenemunde to tackle the problems associated with sending men to the stars. This penchant for, as the Heer’s and Luftwaffe’s mandarins called it, “misappropriating official resources” earned him no kudos with the military bureaucracies, who in turn were apt to write-off his calls for a lunar expedition as a fool’s errand as much because of the proposer as the proposal itself.
Sometimes, however, only one friend is necessary, if sufficiently high-ranking. And there were few men higher-ranking in the Reich than Hermann Goering. Spaceflight, by its very nature, spoke to Goering’s technophilic sensibilities and love of great machines doing even greater works. The exploration of space would also give the Luftwaffe a new frontier of its own to conquer, a project on the scale of Atlantropa or the colonization of the Slavic East, at a time when the German air force was distinctly lacking an animating mission beyond strafing untermenschen for fun and profit. So it was that, in May 1952, Goering requested that Braun conduct a design study on the feasibility of placing a man on the Moon by the end of 1963. Goering further requested that, if such was possible, Braun develop a plan for doing so which could be presented at the 23rd Reichsparteitag (Party Congress) the September of the coming year. The Reichsmarschall also promised Braun all necessary support in obtaining a “favorable report”.
With Goering’s backing, Braun finally had the freedom and resources to tackle the task he had wanted to for his entire professional life. And tackle it he and his team at Peenemunde did. In just under nine months, they produced An Introductory Primer on and Ten-Year Proposal for a Lunar Mission, an eight-volume, 3,000-page report that was equal-measures high-concept study and mission reference document. Braun confidently predicted that the Reich could land a man on the Moon by 1963 and outlined his steps for a lunar expedition:
1) Developing a three-stage Earth Ferry Shuttle (“EFS”) to provide access to orbit, with each stage being piloted and returning to the launch site after deployment of the payload, allowing each stage to be refurbished and reused;
2) Building a Large Space Station (“LASS”) in near-Earth orbit, to gain experience in building things in orbit in space, provide an environment to learn how humans adapt to zero-g, and provide a jumping-off point for the eventual lunar expedition;
3) Assembling a fleet of three Moonships at the LASS from payloads boosted into orbit by several squadrons of EFSes. The combined payload of the Moonship fleet would be 50 people and 250 tonnes of payload.
4) Mounting the expedition when the Moonships are built and their crews delivered from Earth. The expedition will spend 6-8 weeks on the surface of the Moon, before returning to the LASS via the Moonships.
Bold and ambitious, The Ten-Year Proposal represented more than a decade of accumulated watercooler discussions, off-topic thought exercises, and piecemeal research, plus half-a-year of frantic design work by a half-dozen newly created working groups. Its attempt to be a comprehensive treatment of the subject were admirable, though its eclectic breadth and wildly varying levels of detail attested to where the specialties of the team at Peenemunde were, with the most work going into the sections related to rocketry. (More esoteric topics addressed included the mechanical difficulties of using the bathroom in non-standard gravities, the potential inclusion of ships’ pets for morale purposes on a long and dangerous journey, and theoretical considerations for human reproduction beyond Earth’s magnetosphere.)
The Ten-Year Proposal was everything that Goering had asked for, and more much more besides. A draft was prepared for circulation to the Fuhrer – removing, for example, such potentially seditious discussions of human sexual relations on the Moon – for his approval, which came immediately. Hitler’s interest was so stimulated that it was decided that the theme of the 23rd Rechisparteitag would be “The New Order on All Worlds”, celebrating the twin great works of National Socialism: The forging of the new continent Atlantropa and Germany’s impending conquest of the heavens themselves. By the 33rd Reichsparteitag, it was to be announced, there would be a swastika on the Moon!
And so, with the Fuhrer’s blessing came the resources of a continent, as the Reich’s bottomless reserves of capital, both fiscal and intellectual, were furnished to make the dream of a man on the Moon a reality. Neither Braun nor Goering had given much thought to the seemingly mundane task of naming the program that would take on a life of its own over the next decade. That came in September 1953, when the Fuhrer, in his dedication of the Reich Institute on Spaceflight at Peenemunde (RIS), stated: “The Ten-Year Program, carried out with wondrous machines of the sort shown to the Reichsparteitag, is a sacred duty and obligation entrusted to you. And there is no higher calling than performing such duties and fulfilling such obligations.”
And in the language of the Reich, the Fuhrer’s message was equally clear: The Ten-Year Program and Reichsparteitag Architecture would succeed. Failure was not an option. At least if the Ten-Year Program’s leadership wanted enough of themselves left for their families to bury.
“Die Glückliche Zeit”: Excelsior and Pride Goeth
Veterans of Peenemunde – both before and after the formation of the RIS -- would recall the period from the middle of 1953 until the start of 1957 as the “Happy Time”, when life was good from the seemingly infinite budgets and near-daily breakthroughs as Peenemunde became the site of the greatest scientific endeavor of the age. Werner von Braun had been named RIS Director at its founding and, at the helm of a major national project blessed by the Fuhrer himself, bestrode the political scene like a colossus. It was a time of Olympian propositions, in which nothing could not be done if the RIS just put its mind to doing it. Of course – as Dr. Heinz Schlicke never tired of reminding his new colleagues – the “Happy Time” that was being paid homage to ended rather badly for the Kriegsmarine, and emulating would not be desirable.
Contrarians like Schlicke aside, Braun happily counted himself as one of the contented at RIS. Everything was by no means perfect, as the start of the Happy Time was bookended by the young program’s first major security breach. Three months before the Institute’s founding, it was discovered – rather embarrassingly – that somehow the CIA had gotten ahold of a copy of The Ten-Year Proposal, when detailed (and nominally highly classified) technical diagrams appeared in a Collier’s article entitled “Man Will Conquer Space Soon!”. The resulting organizational debriefing by the SD was not pleasant, but for the whole of the Happy Time that followed, the Ten-Year Program’s contact with the Reich’s security services was incidental and nonintrusive, which was about as much as could be hoped for given the amount of public money and classified information were involved.
Work on the design of the EFS, LASS, and Moonships occurred in parallel from the inauguration of the RIS into 1955. The center of the project remained the EFS, to be powered by the Ragnarok family of rocket engines, from – as one junior engineer put it – “the feeling that the world is ending when they’re fired.” The first-stage would be powered by between five and seven of these R-1s, with each generating 750,000kgf of thrust. The second-stage would use a variant tuned for specific impulse rather than thrust, while the third would use smaller-still variants for final ascent and in-orbit maneuvers. Payload was expected to be 40 tonnes to LEO.
As it evolved, the EFS simplified in conception: The boosting stages became unmanned and, while work remained ongoing to make them fully reusable, the brutal time-table mandated by the Ten-Year Plan brought about a working assumption that least the first production models would be expendable. The third-stage, meanwhile, evolved into a spaceplane -- the Planetary Descent Orbiter (“PLADO”) -- due to the easier technical hurdles to clear as opposed to its originally envisioned tail-sitter configuration. These changes were, on the whole, to be expected as this sort of highly experimental project evolved. By March 1955, the EFS was complete enough to begin building assembly prototypes, as the testing on the various engines to be used was already underway.
While the Ten-Year Program’s principal booster was sorting itself out, it became increasingly necessary to sort-out the greatest physical impairment to the Reichsparteitag Architecture’s success. Quite simply, the existing facilities at Peenemunde were grossly insufficient for the task envisioned and basic geography prohibited it from ever being an appropriate launch-site. Situated at more than 54°N Latitude, its orbital inclination was useless and consumed precious delta-v performing maneuvers to reach equatorial orbits. Further, its launch corridor took rockets flying over the Reich and Ostland as they ascended, unless further in-flight maneuvers were carried out to track the Baltic, which further ate into payload capacity. If the Ten-Year Plan was to stay on schedule, a new launch site would need built.
Braun outlined the needs to Goering for a launch site that was compliant with the vehicles of the Reichsparteitag Architecture. What was ideally needed was a place near the Equator with coastal access to an expansive body of water to its east. Goering believed that either of Reichskommisariats Ostafrika or Madagaskar would likely have a suitable location. As the Foreign Ministry was briefed on the need to handle the diplomatic niceties, a rather unexpected turn of events occurred: They had a counterproposal! Both the Foreign Ministry and Ministry of Industry had long sought to foster greater scientific and economic cooperation within the Einheitspakt. And, in light of Mediterranean – specifically Italian – discontent owing to the Atlantropa Projects, that the Ten-Year Program’s needs provided an opportunity to kill three birds with one stone. As the Equator runs through Italian East Africa and the Somalian coast has a number of sparsely populated ports eminently suitable appropriation. Extending such a prestigious honor would also do much to placate the Italians and provide a nexus for scientific cooperation between all of the nations of the Einheitspakt. Goering’s violent reaction to this “Speerite subterfuge” did little to scupper the Foreign Ministry’s proposal, which was elevated to the Fuhrer for consideration. And, much to the Reichsmarschall’s chagrin, it was approved over his objections.
Much of the next eighteen months would be spent building the Goering International Space Center in Hermannstadt – as the port of Kismayo was renamed in a concession to assuage Goering’s wounded pride – in equatorial Somaliland. The joint Italo-German enterprise would consume, by most estimates, a billion Reichsmarks to build the most expansive spaceport in the world in one of the most underdeveloped corners of the world and on a taxing schedule, as everything in the Ten-Year Program was. The Goering Space Center was officially inaugurated on December 17, 1956, with the shakedown launch of the first all-up A17 “Loki” rocket. Composed of two stages, the A17 was powered by a single R-1 engine in its first-stage and a single R-2 in its second, representing the first flying accomplishment of the Ten-Year Plan.
1957: The Year of the Black Sun
The beginning of 1957 buzzed with the news that the Space Race was finally heating up: After half-a-decade or more of talking about going into space, technology had matured enough to actually allow attempts to be made. Both Japan and the United States were allegedly to be sprinting to be the first to orbit an artificial satellite, which was believed to be capable of happening as soon as the summer. For the RIS, such notions were quaint, as the Reich had no such plans. After all, why should the world’s premiere space program be concerned with the lobbing of a few dozen kilograms of electronics into orbit when it was planning on to send a man into orbit and bring him back in a capsule massing thousands of kilograms? And to launch such by the last week of February, no less?
There was, indeed, a confidence that permeated Peenemunde that the uncharitable might have considered hubris. Certainly no one noticed sudden spike in missed deliveries from contractors as winter 1956 gave way the new year. Nor was any heed given to the alleged murmurings of friends and loved-ones in RK Moskowien about ominous rumblings from the Russian Wastes. But when a summons came from Germania, summoning the RIS Director to brief Goering on the status of the Ten-Year Program’s finances, it was clear that something was deeply, deeply troubling was going on.
For, as of January 25, 1957, no one at RIS knew the exact state of the finances of the Reichsparteitag Mission Architecture or the Ten-Year Program. They were projects blessed by Fuhrer: With such things, requests – or demands – were made for whatever was needed to accomplish them, and that was invariably produced if the security services or Heer was not to be involved. What monies were involved were always handled later on RIS’s behalf by the Luftwaffe or other governmental functionaries who were, in general, loathe to discuss such with Institute personnel.
With no small amount of trepidation, Braun and a team from RIS made their way to Germania. And were shellshocked when they were informed that the Fuhrer had, in light of the Reich’s many earthbound concerns, determined that the Ten-Year Program was not a worthwhile investment of the Reich’s resources. Which was why it had been decreed that the RIS would suspend all operations related to the Reichsparteitag Architecture effective immediately and prepare a detailed report on the most cost-effective way to accomplish the Ten-Year Program’s core goal of placing a man on the Moon by the end of 1963. Braun protested vociferously that, if there were concerns about the value of the work being done, a mere six weeks would be enough time to demonstrate its worth to the Fuhrer. Goering, however, brooked no objection, just as the Fuhrer had when Goering had lobbied him for precisely what Braun wanted. And if anyone did have problem with that, he’d ensure they were issued a rifle and sent to Moscowien to die in the snow fighting Soviet remnants.
And thus a thick malaise descended upon the RIS, as efforts that should have been focused on beginning manned flights were forcibly rerouted into inventorying what might salvageable from the Ten-Year Program, if it was salvageable at all. Gone were the LASS and Moonships, as they required far too much mass – and cost too much besides – to keep. So too was PLADO, for without the LASS to fabricate, what purpose was served with a big and heavy spaceplane cutting into orbital throw-weight? The Ten-Year Program, if it was to put on a man on the Moon, would have to embrace cramming men into tiny spacecraft “like spam in a can”, as the baleful lament went. The Loki at least guaranteed a working base for boosting payloads and the A20 “Thor” – the full-stack of the EFS – had been expected to be ready for preliminary full-up trials by the first-quarter of 1958 with a third-stage that provided a simple ballistic return capsule while the PLADO had finished prototyping. A low-energy, low-payload (“LELOP”) manned mission with a time on the surface measured in hours was probably technically feasible within the timeframes available.
The LELOP concept evolved into what was deemed a workable design for a three-man mission, assembling a moonship in orbit, consisting of two components, each lofted into a parking orbit as the third-stage of a Thor: The Lunar Transit Rocket (“LUTR”) and a Lunar Expeditionary Ascender-Descender (“LEAD”). The crew would ascend into space aboard the LUTR and, upon reaching orbit, dock with the waiting LEAD that had previously been launched. The moonship would then boost to the Moon, where two of the crewmen would transfer to the LEAD and detach, making a powered soft-landing on the Moon. At the completion of the lunar activities, the two men on the surface of the Moon would board the Ascender capsule of the LEAD, detach it from the Descender landing system, and boost back into orbit, where it would dock with the orbiting LUTR. The reunified moonship would then boost for Earth, where the crew of the spacecraft would board the Ascender capsule and detach from the LUTR, engage in a kick-down maneuver into the atmosphere for aerobraking, and splash-down with the Ascender capsule somewhere in the Atlantic.
Determining that not all hope was lost should have been a cause for cautious optimism; the more irrationally exuberant might have even hoped that the thoroughness with which RIS had embraced its mandate might earn it goodwill with the Fuhrer sufficient to not have to make all of the cuts contemplated. As the RIS’s progress was being inventoried, however, it became increasingly clear the scale of the crisis in which the Reich was embroiled, as the Berlin Stock Market collapsed on Black Monday leading to a financial meltdown that destroyed the Reichsmark and soon contaminated the whole economy. While, within the fortnight, word arrived that the latest resurgent Soviet remnant – the West Russian Revolutionary Front – had declared war against RK Moscowien and launched a general winter offensive from the Arctic to the Caspian. With the domestic situation in freefall as winter turned to spring, it was clear that there would be no salvation of the Reichsparteitag Mission Architecture. The only question was whether the Fuhrer would see fit to allow for the Valkyrie Program – as the LELOP mission design was styled – would be given permission to resume.
The Report on the State of the Ten-Year Lunar Program was transmitted to Germania in April. It would sit until October, when Germania found itself in the dire predicament of not only being in a Space Race, but having fallen behind, with the Japanese Asagataningen-1 becoming the world’s first artificial satellite. The crisis precipitated by the Asagataningen-1, however, was in short-order swept away by the Reich’s announcement shortly thereafter of its intent to impound all further payments to and from the Einheitspakt’s Atlantropa Adaptation & Mitigation Fund, sparking a diplomatic rupture with the Iberians and Italians, which culminated in the dramatic withdrawal of the Iberian Union and Italian Empire from the Einheitspakt. And, disastrously for the German space program, the seizure and nationalization of the Goering Space Center.
As 1957 drew to a close, the German space program had been brought to its knees as the Reich was gripped by a wave of crises not seen in decades. But the lunar program had endured the year’s body blows. That was more than can be said for many ambitious projects – including the Atlantropa Projects themselves – and would, hopefully, prove to be enough.
By Hook or Crook: Valkyrie Ascendant
As 1958 commenced, the Valkyrie Program was in a shambles. Much of the Reichsparteitag Architecture it had meant to build on was in disarray, as contractors had moved onto new projects over the past year and key personnel, such as the original astronaut class that had been selected, were reassigned back to line service with the Luftwaffe. To say nothing of the total loss of the physical infrastructure that had been built specifically for the Ten-Year Program, as the Italians steadfastly claimed the Goering Space Center and its half-dozen Loki rockets in various states of assembly and the prototype full-up Thor as “compensation” for the Reich’s refusal to honor its obligations from the Atlantropa Adaptation & Mitigation Fund.
The news was not all bad, however. Desperate fighting had, over the winter, appeared to check the West Russian Revolutionary Front before the gates of Moscow. And the Russians’ withdrawal had turned into a rout as the WRRF disintegrated as the web of alliances between its various warlords came undone in the retreat. That would mean, in theory, there could once more be a pool of suitable astronaut candidates. But that meant little without a place to launch from: Either a suitable replacement complex would have to be built or there would have to be significant modification of the facilities at Peenemunde, to say nothing of the changes needed to vehicle design to accommodate the atrocious inclination angle.
Ironically, it would be the Foreign Ministry that would put forward a possible solution to the problem that, for many at RIS, was their fault to begin with. With the “West Russian War” over – or at the very least with the Soviets effectively scattered and incapable of offensive action– the Reich needed to reassure the world that it remained a superpower. A significant international construction program was just what was needed! And, given the disposition of the political leadership of RK Ostafrika, a show of goodwill and the Fuhrer’s primacy was necessary after Himmler’s abortive coup to ensure the RK remained in the fold. The Foreign Ministry could ensure that the resources were found to build at least a minimally satisfactory launch site if it were to be situated in RK Ostafrika. And, from the last time the subject was raised, Pemba Island in Zanzibar was considered a suitable site! Whatever skepticism Braun might’ve had was assuaged by the reassurance that Reichskommisar Huttig can be very…convincing when it comes to motivating the local workforce to meet deadlines. And the grim fact that the challenges of shipping rockets around the Cape of Good Hope to Zanzibar is still significantly less complicated than trying to make a lunar mission launched from Peenemunde work.
With the promise of a new launch site and renewed funding, the Valkyrie Program finally could begin putting its house in order. Had Braun and the rest of the RIS leadership known much of America’s national pastime, they would have concurred that 1958 promised to be a “rebuilding year”, even if their overly optimistic plans held. It had been hoped that a crash modification of one of the launch pads at Peenemunde, as well as upgrading the mission control suite, could be completed by July and allow the formal commencement of the manned Space Operations and Skills Project (“SOSP”) that had been delayed since the suspension of the Ten-Year Program. SOSP had been intended to be the first steps of learning how to operate in orbit and start acquiring the skills necessary to build the LASS; it would still be needed even with Valkyrie’s much less grandiose plan, which still called for several orbital dockings in both Earth and lunar orbits.
As it was, the economic waves caused by collapse of the Reichsmark and the removal of some of Europe’s most productive industrial zones by the creation of the Ordenstaat Burgund meant that it would be well into 1959 before the necessary modifications were made to Peenemunde to handle the launch of the Loki rocket which was intended to be used for SOSP missions. The delays imposed by the modifications to Peenemunde were, in their own way, a blessing: They allowed the drag-chute to be pulled and RIS, as an institution, to fully acclimate itself to the Valkyrie Program and conduct some badly needed operational planning relating to it, when previously most of the work done amounted to taking the relevant bits of the Ten-Year Program and/or Reichspartei Architecture and then attempting to repurpose them on the fly. The full mission reference document for the Valkyrie Program was finally written-up and a full launch time-table for SOSP was developed, with 16 SOSP flights between 1959 and 1963, as well as six flights – manned and unmanned -- shaking down an otherwise full-up Thor mission-stack, with a tentative lunar mission date to coincide with the 33rd Reichsparteitag, much to the delight of both the Fuhrer and Goering.
Unfortunately for the Valkyrie Program, it would not be allowed to keep its footing for long. For despite having finally developed a feasible operational plan for reaching its objectives and actively moving into terrestrial field testing of all major subsystems to achieve those objectives, it was due to once more be beset by the Reich’s tumultuous politics. On April 12, 1959, the Reich once more found itself upstaged in the Space Race, when the United States’ Pioneer 1 succeeded in making John Glenn the first man to orbit the Earth. This was the second time that the Reich had been humiliated in a field that, by all rights, should belong to the Aryan race. There was no active war or acute economic crisis to blame this embarrassment on this time. It could, in the Fuhrer’s learned judgment, only be the fault of the management of the Valkyrie Program. A way must be found to restore the Reich’s honor. And, to ensure that sufficient motivation was had by both the Luftwaffe and RIS, the SS would be conducting a top-to-bottom audit of the program to identify potential areas for improvement.
The SS’s audit, despite its ominousness, was surprisingly gentle on the Valkyrie Program, finding that no meaningful changes could be made in the mission architecture to facilitate a faster Moon-landing. (Just where the SS found a pool of spaceflight experts not associated with RIS was, unfortunately, not one of the topics remarked upon.) What the audit did recommend was a radical restructuring of the finalized mission calendar, finding – based upon comparable American and Japanese protocols – that a mere six SOSP launches should be necessary, as well as a manned full-up test of the Thor followed by the launching of the lunar mission. If done, and the New Equatorial Launch Site on Pemba Island became available by July 1961, the program could have an Aryan on the Moon by the end of that same year. The Valkyrie team objected strenuously to what it perceived as wanton corner-cutting with the lives of German astronauts, to which the SS auditors merely recommended that, if the Luftwaffe could not find astronaut-candidates willing to trust the engineering prowess of the Aryan race with their lives, the SS certainly could. Even more distressingly, the Fuhrer adopted the recommendation, ordering the recommended adjustments to the mission calendar under threat of transfer of the whole Valkyrie Program to the SS.
The rest of 1959 and the whole of 1960 would prove to be reminiscent of an earlier, happier time at the RIS, before the dreams of the Ten-Year Plan were shattered by the Year of the Black Sun. Work proceeded steadily as the first four SOSP missions were flown, final ground-testing was completed on the rebuilt Thor prototypes and the Valkyrie moonship was deemed ready for man-rating. As the finish line was increasingly within view, however, the question of what came next haunted the corridors of power at RIS. Because of the long lead-time on certain key items, especially things like large rocket engines, potentially years of foreknowledge and planning would be necessary to keep RIS’s production pipeline flowing. As early as the dark days of 1957, the question of what would come after the first lunar landing was being investigated by an Ad Hoc Committee on Future Manned Missions, with the general conclusion of RIS that while the adaptation of the original Reichsparteitag Architecture to the systems created by the Valkyrie Program and continued pursuit of the Ten-Year Plan was the best course of action, at the very least a continued program of lunar exploration was required if only to justify the immense sums invested in both the Ten-Year and Valkyrie Programs, as well as better define future requirements and needs for manned spaceflight beyond Earth and its immediate environs. Both the Goering, however, flatly rejecting financing for further Valkyrie Program mission-planning for at least a period of at least 18 months after the first lunar landing, though the flying of smaller Loki-based missions were not prohibited.
That another funding cliff loomed was disappointing, but by no means was it even one of the five-worst faced by RIS since the inauguration of the Ten-Year Plan. Thankfully, while the Luftwaffe had curtailed the flight-testing program for Thor, there had been no cancellation of the four Thors on order for the cancelled test-flights. The production lines for the Reich’s heavy-lifter could, with a little creative structuring, be kept open during the moratorium on Valkyrie mission-planning. Given that the Valkyrie Program had already had to restart the Thor production line once already, avoiding having to deal with the arduousness of that again would save the program headaches in the future, should the political climate change and allow for more ambitious spacefaring.
1961 brought further delays to SOSP-5 and SOSP-6, though in a pleasant change of pace, for positive reasons. For a given definition of “positive”, at any rate. RK Ostafrika announced to the Foreign Ministry that it had completed the New Equatorial Launch Site a full three months ahead of schedule and would be ready to christen it in mid-April. The whole world, unfortunately, knew that the New Equatorial Launch Site was ahead of schedule, as the rather loud murmurings about the hellacious treatment of the native workforce building the Site were noteworthy for the intensity of the alleged brutality, even by the rather disturbing standards of Reichskommisar Huttig’s fiefdom. Nonetheless, juggling the schedule to allow SOSP-5 and -6 to launch from the Frederick Barbarossa National Launch Complex – as the Fuhrer insisted on naming it – would allow for greater acclimation to the facilities prior to the all-up manned Thor flight. Such juggling would prove invaluable, as the breaking in of Barbarossa National would throw back the flight of Valkyrie 5 from an initial mid-July launch to a mid-October one.
What is most amazing about the Barbarossa National break-in missions – SOSP-5, SOSP-6, and Valkyrie 5 – was not that they were as successful as they were, but rather that they were successful at all, given under the crushing schedule and active mandating of cutting corners from on-high. With a recipe for a massive explosion on the launchpad, the break-in missions not only didn’t get anyone killed, but functioned well enough to be called successes. It would be, for many at RIS, their finest professional moment and a testament to the thoroughness of German engineering. Less charitable – and almost invariably American or Japanese – engineers would also note the rather healthy amount of luck involved, given the risks taken. And that observation would not be incorrect, either.
Valkyrie 5 would set a record for the longest continuous presence in orbit, at just under 45 man-days for the three-man crew, as a whole lunar transit was simulated while orbiting Earth. At the conclusion of the mission, Braun advocated for allowing the more or less fully-loaded Valkyrie 5 to remain in orbit, in the hope that it might serve as the basis for a low-cost second Moon mission at some point in early 1962. As on the subject of mission-planning, he was overruled, though this time on the basis of national security, as it was unknown whether another mission would be mounted and a more or less fully intact Valkyrie would be a tempting espionage for the other superpowers. When the Ascender capsule detached and kicked into the atmosphere, a kick-down burn was remotely engaged, plunging the whole of Valkyrie 5 into an orbit that would see its burning wreckage scattered across several dozen square kilometers of the Indian Ocean.
The rest of 1961 would be spent going over the technical data gathered from the full-up dress rehearsal flight and ironing out what glitches remained. The accumulation of delays led to the amended mission calendar’s original launch date of December 20, 1961 – which would have placed a man on the Moon during the Winter Solstice – to slip. But all systems appeared to be go for Valkyrie 6 to lift-off on January 1, 1962, to ring in the new year with a demonstration of the Reich’s long-fermenting capability to dominate space…
Author's Comments
TNO is a mod that loves its alternative history to rhyme. That is, for story beats (such as historical events) to happen in ways or at times which evoke OTL, but which are nonetheless creatures of the allohistorical work. I'll admit that I just couldn't help going whole-hog with the rhyming history here. I blame the fact that the rocket in the New Start screen is very obviously a Totally Not Saturn V, even though that makes precious little sense in context.
For those who are not as unheathily familiar with the history of space exploration as I am, let me explain. Most of what's discussed here is, in fact, 100% OTL with the roles inverted. Between 1952 and 1954, Werner von Braun wrote a series of articles for Collier's magazine -- the first, of course, being called "Man Will Conquer Space Soon!" -- that featured a lavish vision of an expedition to the Moon, and a process to get there consisting of building a rocket with a reusable spaceplane final stage, which would build a space station in orbit, that would assemble a fleet of moonships to take a massive expedition to the Moon. He found no real support for his ambitions, but did eventually get a job putting a man on the Moon, though the Apollo Program was a radically different beast with radically different philosophies than the Collier's project.
At any rate, here, Braun gets an infinitely deep pocket to build his Collier's project, and then, when forced to pare himself back to...Apollo, as Loki is the Totally Not Saturn I(b), Thor the Totally Not Saturn V, LUTR the Totally Not Apollo Command and Service Module, and LEAD the Totally Not Lunar Module. The guy just can't catch a break in either timeline.
If I Were A Rich Man Deep One Modder...
Consider this an idea that would make an interesting submod unto itself, but for which I certainly don't have the skill or chops to create. Who knows, maybe someone will get some mileage out of it.
Reichskommisariat Raketeland
Following the onset of the German Civil War, many RIS members -- including its director -- fled the Reich for Pemba Island in RK Ostafrika in the hopes of finding a safe port in a raging storm. While the Afrika-Schild was embroiled in its war with South Africa, Pemba Island was far removed from the fronts and OFN aircraft gave wide berth to the Barbarossa National Launch Complex, lest a provocation be caused that might draw the ire of the Reich. With the war drawing ever-more of RK Ostafrika's resources southward, Pemba Island is increasingly left to govern itself, and with a well-established leadership hierarchy from RIS and a battalion of regular Luftwaffe Fallschirm-Panzergrenadiers, it might just be able to do so/
submitted by TheAtomicEsquire to TNOmod [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 07:48 OnlyReveal6 small passive income while browsing the web

Introduction
If you were on the internet in the late 1990s, you might remember companies like "AllAdvantage" that promised to pay you to browse the web. You could install a program that tracked your browsing and showed you targeted ads at the top of the screen, then "AllAdvantage" would give you a cut of the ad revenue you generated.
These schemes largely disappeared after the dot-com crash. But Brendan Eich, the creator of the JavaScript programming language and cofounder and former CTO of Mozilla, thinks his company Brave Software has found a way to revive that old idea.
What is it?
Brave makes a browser based on Google Chrome that blocks tracking scripts and other technologies that spy on your online activity. As a result, it also blocks many web ads; if you visit any website using the Brave browser, you won’t see any ads. But Brave will give users the option to see ads that Eich says will respect your privacy. The ads will appear as desktop notifications, he says, not as replacements for the ads the Brave browser blocks. So you still won’t see ads on any website, but you might see them on the right lower corner of your screen. If you choose to see these ads, you’ll get 70 percent of the revenue they generate.
Eich hopes Brave can solve two of the web's most vexing problems the privacy and revenue problem by turning the traditional digital advertising model on its head. Today, ad networks pay sites for ad space and web browsers like Brave and Chrome deliver content from those publishers to users. Brave is trying to put the browser in the center of the advertising experience. Instead of paying publishers directly, ad networks would pay Brave, which will pass part of the money to users and keep a cut for itself.
By handling advertising in the browser on your device, Brave says it will be able to target ads without sending your data to the cloud, and protect your privacy. When you interact with an ad on Brave, the browser sends notice to the company's servers, but doesn't include any identifying information. Eich sees four sets of winners: browser makers get paid; users get paid, and get more privacy; advertisers can target pitches without running afoul of European privacy regulations; and publishers can survive in a world where many users are installing ad blockers.
Publishers and ad networks might bristle at the idea of putting browser makers in the middle of their business. But in recent years browsers have taken a more active role in shaping the web, instead of merely displaying a website’s content. Chrome now blocks ads on a small number of sites with particularly egregious advertising practices, while browsers like Firefox and Safari have added privacy protections. Meanwhile, browser plugins are giving users more control over their experience. There are Chrome extensions, for example, that let you change Facebook's color scheme, or change the way images are displayed on Pinterest. And of course there are extensions that block all ads.
Trying to win advertisers and publishers to a new model isn't Brave's only challenge. It also needs users. Eich says Brave has 15 million users and is growing.
Brave will give users a 70 percent cut of its advertising revenue, which Eich estimates could work out to about $10 a month. Brave will pay users with its own bitcoin-style "cryptocurrency” called Basic Attention Tokens or BAT, which has traded for as little as 24 cents over the past 12 months, according to CoinMarketCap. You can exchange the BAT you have received for viewing ads into USD, EUR, GBP, CHF and many more currencies.
The company offers a service through the cryptocurrency exchange Uphold to allow users to change, sell and buy BAT or donate it to publishers, and for publishers to exchange the BAT they receive for dollars. Advertisers like HomeDepot or recent campaigns included brands such as Verizon, Newegg, Chipotle, and PayPal/Honey, in addition to earlier campaigns by Amazon, Harry’s Razors, Intel, CBS, KIND snacks, Logitech, Lenovo, Grubhub, Belkin, Quickbooks, Evernote and some of cryptocurrency related companies, will be able to buy ads either with BAT or with traditional currencies.
Eich says Brave opted to create its own tokens using the Ethereum cryptocurrency platform in part to avoid regulatory requirements, such as verifying users' identifies, that partners like Uphold are better equipped to handle.
Estimated revenue? (depending on the country you live in the revenue can be higher or lower)
I made around 3oo$ so far this year using 3 devices, just for viewing some ads.
5 months so far july is not included if you calculate it down for 1 device, 100$/5months = 20$ a month just for viewing ads, you would need to buy risky stocks worth of 2000$ to get the same amount per month.
can only recommend everyone to try it, not every country has the same number of advertisers so you probably get the most out of it when you live in the USA.
If you are interested here is a quick guide how to set it up to get the max amount out of Brave:
Quickstartguide:
1 Download brave here
2 Activate the reward system (gif link below)Gif link
3 go into the settings an deactivate auto contribution and activate 5 ads per hour (image link below)image link
4 Create an Account on Uphold and connect it with your BraveBrowser.
Now you are good to go and can make some money on something you do anyway.
I hope this helps some folks in the community to make some extra bucks.
edit1:you can find more infos and support here:brave_browser & BATProject or www.brave.com
edit2:the earnings are depenging on the number of devices you are using and were you are living. Best paying countries: United States (69) United Kingdom (39) Canada (36) Australia (35) New Zealand (26) Germany (21) Ireland (21) France (18)( the number next to the country are the companies that are running ads on brave for this particular country, the more companies the more revenue )
you can find a full list with all countries and campaigns here: https://brave.com/transparency/
edit3:You don't need to browse to a certain website to receive ads, just browse as you are used to, play browser games, watch videos on youtube or do whatever you want.Sometimes Ads appear on the startpage looks like that https://i.imgur.com/5tohhRc.jpg and after some time on the right lower corner a clickable pop-up appears looks like that->https://i.imgur.com/CTGdVsu.png
edit4:If you want to import your bookmarks and settings from your old browser:on the right top corner of the browser is a button ->https://i.imgur.com/oi8EAri.jpg click it > than on settings > and than you got the option to import bookmarks and settings from your old browser.
If you want to sync brave between devices and for backups:type brave://flags/ into the adressbar and than brave sync into the search bar and acticate itif its enabled it should look like this https://imgur.com/a/tCMDgDjthan just click on sync ->https://i.imgur.com/oi8EAri.jpg
here is a guide ->https://support.brave.com/hc/en-us/articles/360021218111-How-do-I-set-up-Sync
edit5: Don't keep your BAT from free token grants to long in your browser, always send your bat to an external wallet or exchange like uphold, only tokens from free token grants have an expire date if they dont get used they go back to the bat pool. you can find more infos about this here -> https://support.brave.com/hc/en-us/articles/360018305731-Why-does-my-BAT-have-an-expiration-date-
submitted by OnlyReveal6 to passiveincome [link] [comments]


2020.09.13 21:40 TenOunceCan Buckethead Digest - The Latest News

This topic will be stickied at the top of the sub and updated with everything I hear from Bandcamp, what I see on BucketheadPikes.com, and the news that you post to this sub. I thought it would be a helpful feature to be able to quickly see what's going on in Bucketheadland in one topic. Thanks to everyone here for being awesome!

=== Concerts ===

=== Buckethead Day ===
Every Friday the 13th we celebrate Buckethead Day. Be nice to everyone you meet. Wear your Buckethead t-shirt. Only listen to Buckethead all day. Try a Pike you haven't heard before. Post about Buckethead on social media sites. Give friends and family Buckethead mix CD's. If you can, give someone a toy. Whatever you do: Don't Eat Chicken!
-Schedule-
2020 Mar / Nov 2024 Sep / Dec 2028 Oct
2021 Aug 2025 Jun 2029 Apr / Jul
2022 May (On His Birthday!) 2026 Feb / Mar / Nov 2030 Sep / Dec
2023 Jan / Oct 2027 Aug

=== Audio ===

Status Pike
Free 276 - Healing Inside Outside Every Side
.
Available 277 - Division is the Devil's Playground
.
Available 278 - Unexpected Journeys
.
Available 279 - Skeleton Keys
.
Coming Soon (Pike 280)
.
Coming Soon (Pike 281)
.
Coming Soon (Pike 282)
.
Available 283 - Once Upon A Distant Plane
.

=== Other ===
--ON SALE until October 1--
Free Tracks and Albums:
Helpful Links:
Recommendations:
Mobile Version Web Version
News:
Mobile Version Web Version
.
Paintings Canvas Cards
.
Entire Discography Pike Suggester
.
Wikipedia Fandom
.
Buckethead Archive Buckethead Disciple
.
Natter Net Discord
The Paintings and Canvas Cards pages will say they don't exist when items are not available, but the links never change. You will see items on those pages whenever things are for sale.
submitted by TenOunceCan to Buckethead [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 15:40 --py-- Unable to run a Python file with Beautiful Soup for some reason

I'm trying to get into the correct way of doing things and using virtual environments. I created a new virtual environment, installed Requests and BeautifulSoup, but when I run my simple file, I get an error - ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'bs4'.
Here is my terminal log showing myself creating the virtual environment and installing both libraries, along with the source code I am trying to run.
Any help appreciated.
Tyler % pip3 list Package Version ---------- ------- pip 20.1.1 setuptools 49.2.0 wheel 0.34.2 Tyler % python3 -m venv myvenv Tyler % pip3 install beautifulsoup4 Collecting beautifulsoup4 Using cached beautifulsoup4-4.9.1-py3-none-any.whl (115 kB) Collecting soupsieve>1.2 Using cached soupsieve-2.0.1-py3-none-any.whl (32 kB) Installing collected packages: soupsieve, beautifulsoup4 Successfully installed beautifulsoup4-4.9.1 soupsieve-2.0.1 Tyler % pip3 list Package Version -------------- ------- beautifulsoup4 4.9.1 pip 20.1.1 setuptools 49.2.0 soupsieve 2.0.1 wheel 0.34.2 Tyler % /uslocal/bin/python3 "/Users/tylerdurden/Documents/Python/Work/Web Scraping/Pycon/earthquakes.py" Traceback (most recent call last): File "/Users/tylerdurden/Documents/Python/Work/Web Scraping/Pycon/earthquakes.py", line 3, in  import requests ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'requests' Tyler % pip3 install requests Collecting requests Using cached requests-2.24.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (61 kB) Collecting urllib3!=1.25.0,!=1.25.1,<1.26,>=1.21.1 Using cached urllib3-1.25.10-py2.py3-none-any.whl (127 kB) Collecting certifi>=2017.4.17 Using cached certifi-2020.6.20-py2.py3-none-any.whl (156 kB) Collecting chardet<4,>=3.0.2 Using cached chardet-3.0.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl (133 kB) Collecting idna<3,>=2.5 Using cached idna-2.10-py2.py3-none-any.whl (58 kB) Installing collected packages: urllib3, certifi, chardet, idna, requests Successfully installed certifi-2020.6.20 chardet-3.0.4 idna-2.10 requests-2.24.0 urllib3-1.25.10 Tyler % pip3 list Package Version -------------- --------- beautifulsoup4 4.9.1 certifi 2020.6.20 chardet 3.0.4 idna 2.10 pip 20.1.1 requests 2.24.0 setuptools 49.2.0 soupsieve 2.0.1 urllib3 1.25.10 wheel 0.34.2 Tyler % pip3 uninstall beautifulsoup4 Found existing installation: beautifulsoup4 4.9.1 Uninstalling beautifulsoup4-4.9.1: Would remove: /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/beautifulsoup4-4.9.1.dist-info/* /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/bs4/* Proceed (y/n)? y Successfully uninstalled beautifulsoup4-4.9.1 Tyler % pip3 uninstall certifi Found existing installation: certifi 2020.6.20 Uninstalling certifi-2020.6.20: Would remove: /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/certifi-2020.6.20.dist-info/* /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/certifi/* Proceed (y/n)? y Successfully uninstalled certifi-2020.6.20 Tyler % pip3 uninstall soupsieve Found existing installation: soupsieve 2.0.1 Uninstalling soupsieve-2.0.1: Would remove: /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/soupsieve-2.0.1.dist-info/* /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/soupsieve/* Proceed (y/n)? y Successfully uninstalled soupsieve-2.0.1 Tyler % pip3 list Package Version ---------- ------- chardet 3.0.4 idna 2.10 pip 20.1.1 requests 2.24.0 setuptools 49.2.0 urllib3 1.25.10 wheel 0.34.2 Tyler % pip3 unintsall chardet ERROR: unknown command "unintsall" - maybe you meant "uninstall" Tyler % pip3 uninstall chardet Found existing installation: chardet 3.0.4 Uninstalling chardet-3.0.4: Would remove: /uslocal/bin/chardetect /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/chardet-3.0.4.dist-info/* /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/chardet/* Proceed (y/n)? y Successfully uninstalled chardet-3.0.4 Tyler % pip3 uninstall idna Found existing installation: idna 2.10 Uninstalling idna-2.10: Would remove: /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/idna-2.10.dist-info/* /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/idna/* Proceed (y/n)? y Successfully uninstalled idna-2.10 Tyler % pip3 list Package Version ---------- ------- pip 20.1.1 requests 2.24.0 setuptools 49.2.0 urllib3 1.25.10 wheel 0.34.2 Tyler % pip3 uninstall requests Found existing installation: requests 2.24.0 Uninstalling requests-2.24.0: Would remove: /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/requests-2.24.0.dist-info/* /uslocal/lib/python3.8/site-packages/requests/* Proceed (y/n)? y Successfully uninstalled requests-2.24.0 Tyler % pip3 uninstall setuptools Found existing installation: setuptools 49.2.0 Uninstalling setuptools-49.2.0: Would remove: Tyler % pip3 list Package Version ------- ------- pip 20.1.1 wheel 0.34.2 Tyler % pip3 list Package Version ------- ------- pip 20.1.1 wheel 0.34.2 Tyler % python3 -m venv myvenv Tyler % source myvenv/bin/activate (myvenv) Tyler % pip3 list Package Version ---------- ------- pip 20.1.1 setuptools 47.1.0 WARNING: You are using pip version 20.1.1; however, version 20.2.3 is available. You should consider upgrading via the '/Users/tylerdurden/Documents/Python/Work/Web Scraping/myvenv/bin/python3 -m pip install --upgrade pip' command. (myvenv) Tyler % pip3 install requests Collecting requests Using cached requests-2.24.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (61 kB) Collecting chardet<4,>=3.0.2 Using cached chardet-3.0.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl (133 kB) Collecting certifi>=2017.4.17 Using cached certifi-2020.6.20-py2.py3-none-any.whl (156 kB) Collecting urllib3!=1.25.0,!=1.25.1,<1.26,>=1.21.1 Using cached urllib3-1.25.10-py2.py3-none-any.whl (127 kB) Collecting idna<3,>=2.5 Using cached idna-2.10-py2.py3-none-any.whl (58 kB) Installing collected packages: chardet, certifi, urllib3, idna, requests Successfully installed certifi-2020.6.20 chardet-3.0.4 idna-2.10 requests-2.24.0 urllib3-1.25.10 WARNING: You are using pip version 20.1.1; however, version 20.2.3 is available. You should consider upgrading via the '/Users/tylerdurden/Documents/Python/Work/Web Scraping/myvenv/bin/python3 -m pip install --upgrade pip' command. (myvenv) Tyler % pip3 install beautifulsoup4 Collecting beautifulsoup4 Using cached beautifulsoup4-4.9.1-py3-none-any.whl (115 kB) Collecting soupsieve>1.2 Using cached soupsieve-2.0.1-py3-none-any.whl (32 kB) Installing collected packages: soupsieve, beautifulsoup4 Successfully installed beautifulsoup4-4.9.1 soupsieve-2.0.1 WARNING: You are using pip version 20.1.1; however, version 20.2.3 is available. You should consider upgrading via the '/Users/tylerdurden/Documents/Python/Work/Web Scraping/myvenv/bin/python3 -m pip install --upgrade pip' command. (myvenv) Tyler % /uslocal/bin/python3 "/Users/tylerdurden/Documents/Python/Work/Web Scraping/Pycon/earthquakes.py" Traceback (most recent call last): File "/Users/tylerdurden/Documents/Python/Work/Web Scraping/Pycon/earthquakes.py", line 1, in  from bs4 import BeautifulSoup ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'bs4' (myvenv) Tyler % 
And the source code for my file:
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup import re import requests def get_latest_earthquakes(): ''' Find all earthquakes in the last week. ''' URL = requests.get('https://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/world/') soup = BeautifulSoup(URL.text,'lxml') table = soup.find('tbody') for tr in table.find_all('tr'): date_time = tr.find('td', class_='tabev6').text.replace('earthquake','') date_time_re = re.split('\s', date_time) date = date_time_re[0] time = date_time_re[3][:5] lat = float(tr.find_all('td', class_='tabev1')[0].text) north_south = tr.find_all('td', class_='tabev2')[0].text[0] long = float(tr.find_all('td', class_='tabev1')[1].text) west_east = tr.find_all('td', class_='tabev2')[1].text[0] region = tr.find(class_='tb_region').text.title() Convert to absolute lattitude and longitude lat = 0 - lat if north_south == 'S' else lat long = 0 - long if west_east == 'W' else long return(date, time, lat, long, region) get_latest_earthquakes() 

submitted by --py-- to learnpython [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 19:26 cynicalexistence Familial DNA match leads to suspect, arrest in 35-year-old murder of Rochester teenager

This week, in what is the first Monroe County criminal case to use "familial DNA," police arrested a Florida man and charged him with second-degree murder in the homicide of Wendy Jerome, whose body was found in an alcove of Schools 33 and 11 near Webster Avenue. Timothy Williams, now 56, lived in the same neighborhood in Rochester in 1984.
Rochester Police Capt. Frank Umbrino said that Williams, who was 20 when Wendy was killed, moved to Florida a short time after the brutal slaying. Williams, who is currently not employed, has reportedly visited Rochester several times in the past 35 years, he said.
"He did not know the victim, nor did the victim's family know him," Umbrino said, adding that the department is investigating whether Williams has been linked to any other cold cases. To date, he said, he was not.
Grave site and pictures of victim:
https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/155582045/wendy-lynn-jerome
https://www.democratandchronicle.com/story/news/2020/09/11/familial-dna-leads-arrest-35-year-old-murder-rochester-teen/3460554001/
The family is still active, as this video shows:
Wendy Jerome was raped, stabbed, and beaten to death. Her body was found by School 33 on Webster Avenue in Rochester on Nov. 22, 1984. The killer has never been caught.
https://www.whec.com/news/inside-the-evidence-web-extra-who-killed-in-wendy-jerome/5560880/
Police statement here:
“Thanksgiving Day, November 24, 1984: Wendy Jerome left her Denver Street home around 7 that evening,” said RPD Captain Frank Umbrino. “She was going to deliver a birthday card to her best friend that lived in that neighborhood. At about 10:40 p.m. officers of the RPD responded to 500 block Webster Avenue for the report of a dead child next to a dumpster. Honestly the extent of the injuries are too horrendous to talk about here, but what is safe to say is that Wendy did put up a fight. The case went cold, but it was certainly never forgotten, even as investigators who worked the case over the decades retired, others picked up the fight.”
https://www.rochesterfirst.com/crime/rpd-monroe-county-da-to-make-announcement-on-cold-case-murder-investigation/
submitted by cynicalexistence to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 15:56 LordMcBucket Prince of Persia Contest - OFFICIAL RULES

PRINCE OF PERSIA CONTEST - OFFICIAL RULES
NO PURCHASE OR PAYMENT NECESSARY TO ENTER OR WIN. A PURCHASE WILL NOT INCREASE YOUR CHANCES OF WINNING.
VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 16 OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY.
This Competition is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Instagram, Facebook, Twitter YouTube or any other social media platform. You are providing your information to Ubisoft EMEA SAS and not to Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube or other social media platform. The information you provide will only be used in accordance with the Ubisoft privacy policy which may be viewed at https://legal.ubi.com/privacypolicy
  1. ELIGIBILITY: “Prince of Persia Contest” (the “Competition”) for “Mighty Quest” (the “Game”) is open to anyone who is at least 16 years old at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor and its affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, franchisees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the Competition (collectively, the “Competition Entities”), and each of their immediate families (i.e., parents, spouse, siblings, children, grandparents, stepparents, stepchildren and step-siblings, and their respective spouses, and those living in the same household, whether or not related) are not eligible to participate. Subject to all applicable federal, state, provincial, municipal, territorial and local laws, directives and regulations. Void where prohibited.
  2. SPONSOR: Ubisoft EMEA SAS, located at 28 rue Armand Carrel 93100 Montreuil, France
  3. COMPETITION PERIOD: The Competition will begin on September 11th, 2020 at 2:00 pm Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and will end on September 16th, 2020 at 2:00 pm GMT.
  4. HOW TO ENTER:
To enter the Competition, please follow the steps below. Specific dates and times subject to change:
Enter the Competition by:
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Grand Prize: 150 Gems (Mighty Quest in-game currency)
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Nothing in these Official Rules shall be deemed to exclude or restrict any of the winner's or the entrant's statutory rights as a consumer.
submitted by LordMcBucket to MightyQuestMobile [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 10:18 anyfactor [FOR HIRE] Want the best Darn PYTHON Developer money can buy?? I am your guy!! [Web Scraping, Automation, Data Analytics, API & MUCH MORE]

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submitted by anyfactor to forhire [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 22:51 VR_DEVELOPER John Carmack: "I just re-watched my OC6 talk. There is definitely some foreshadowing of things to be announced next week, but many of the challenges and pain points for me still remain unresolved"

Here is the transcript:
(1/7)
All right. So, I'll get back to my normal critical mode soon enough. But I'd like to take a moment to celebrate where we actually are now. A long time ago, before DK2, before Gear VR, before the first Oculus Connect, I remember being at an event and talking about my vision for virtual reality, what I wanted to see and I laid out this vision of, "I want a self-contained headset that has cameras for tracking, that could run lightweight content locally but you can still plug into a PC to run really high-powered content." And that was the fantasy six years ago, but it's exactly where we are with Quest today. And for the people that've been along for so much of this journey, it's easy to forget that most of the world has still never even seen VR and we have such magical things to show them now. So, interestingly, there is a lot of internal trepidation about the products that we released this year with Quest and Rift S. There were thoughts that Quest is too heavy, too uncomfortable, too underpowered, or too expensive, and that Rift S was kind of a step sideways, or maybe even a little back with the 80 Hz LCD screen and the problematic tracking poses, but this gave us some really valuable insights to be able to do almost direct A/B tests and it turns out that Rift S is substantially more retentive than the earlier Rift even with the exact same content, and this was like the experiment that we did with Gear VR to Go. It wasn't nearly as dramatic as Go's more than 2x increase in retention, but it was still a very meaningful point that the friction to get into and play the experiences is such a dominant force for virtual reality, where the fact that people that are used to it that set up their cameras and deal with all the little issues in USB problems... Maybe it's not a big deal for a lot of people, but statistically, it sure seems that inside-out tracking was really the right thing to do for us. And as we look at it right now, sure, Go is still a better place to watch videos and Rift S is still a better place to play Rift content, but you can see where this is going in the future where future generations of hardware should be able to do all the things better than any of the other things before and there's also quite a bit of headroom for us where we say, "We still have all these friction points with Quest and there's still all the quality and things that we can do to improve it." So, we can expect future headsets to continue to take those ratcheting steps up as a more and more retentive platform. And so, I think another thing that the Rift S showed me personally is that I was undervaluing the Rift gaming content, where when Go came out and we were seeing retention numbers almost as good as Rift from Go, I was thinking, "Well, we've got a clear path here "with a very inexpensive headset that we can get to mass market "and hopefully mass adoption faster, "and it seems to be doing pretty much as well as Rift," but with Rift S showing that there is a lot more headroom there, I think we can say that the PC experience was holding down what the value of the content was and we get a little bit better with Rift S and then a lot better for that style of content with Quest. So, Quest is, you know, by far now our most retentive hardware. It's doing extremely well for that, and that's pretty exciting. So, remote rendering is an obvious thing to do. Again, I was preaching this six years ago where it was clear that you've got things that work really well on a local headset, but there's always something that you want more power for. A typical gaming PC is maybe 40 times as powerful as the system on a chip that we've got inside the standalones. And you can always go up from there. Some of the Facebook Reality Labs demos that they do actually run with multiple tightened GPUs stuffed into one box. There's always something that you can do with more power. But it's also worth pointing out that we have some amazing experiences on Quest, on this tiny, underpowered system. You can still play some spectacular things. And that might be pointing to the fact that maybe we really were too aggressive with the minimum spec machine on PCs. You could argue that "Well, if we could do these things on a little Snapdragon chipset, "you probably could've run great Rift content on laptops "and relatively underpowered PCs without a really high-end GPU in it." Now, the developers have had to work harder and suffer a lot more to hit frame rates on Quest than they have to on Rift. That is one of the advantages of the PC, even if you're not doing spectacular graphics, sometimes it's the right thing just to make life that much easier for you. But still, there's clearly value in having the option of throwing more power at things. Now, people had been doing demos of remote rendering since all the way back in Gear VR. There were some early demos that had even cloud rendering for VR, stream to a Gear VR, but internally, we have a lot of perfectionists at Oculus and I often have arguments about value where you can look at something and say, "This is terrible for x, y, and z reason," but if people find value in it, I tend to be at the position that let people choose to do things even if other people don't think they're of a sufficiently high-quality level, but we have a lot of debates about minimum bars of quality and poisoning the well and discussions like that. And while I had been pitching "We should be doing remote rendering on Quest pretty early on," there was the general consensus internally that we needed dedicated hardware for it that either you needed 60 gigahertz Wi-Fi, or you needed display port over USB, or something to let us do something special directly and solve it with hardware. But I had held the opinion that we could do a quite good job on the existing hardware that we had without necessarily buying anything else. And the basic ideas is just you render something on the... You sense the controllers on the Quest, you send that information over to the PC where it does the normal rendering and composites it together, video-compresses it and then sends it over a link. So, everybody knows that Wi-Fi has pretty wide variability in quality and performance. You might only have a millisecond or two of latency, but it is not at all uncommon to see delays of 100-200 milliseconds, which would be really disruptive to VR experiences. So, we decided that the first step that we would take would be doing this directly-cabled experience. With USB cable, there is essentially no error rate and significant latency, no significant jitter. It's just a matter of a couple milliseconds based on when drivers wake up and do things and it was more than ample bandwidth. We're actually limited on the video decoder to around 150 megabits per second, which is just coasting on a USB 3. It should even operate on USB 2-level bandwidth. But this is the first step. This is some of us getting our foot in the door. Like, "All right, we're shipping a remote rendering experience, "but clearly, we would like this to work on Wi-Fi eventually. "And then even though we will probably never really endorse it... "Hey, if it works on Wi-Fi, "you can stream from even a remote computer over the cloud." But that is, we do not have line of site on making that a great experience for a really remote distant computer. There are architectures that you can imagine where you change the way games are rendered. So, you render your hands locally and you stream only the things that aren't changing much. But one of my real lessons from doing this for a number of years now is that getting developers to really change the way a game would be architected specifically to take advantage of something is really hard. Hardly anybody takes advantage of my precious time or players that make all the text look so good. So, I'm not super enthusiastic about doing split rendering architectures. But internally... So, the difference between what a half-dozen other people have done with the remote rendering and what we can do, because we have the internal access to everything, we can have lots of custom stuff put in on the PC side, on the compositor. On the mobile side, we've been able to peel away at least one layer of the video, kind of the overhead of working with the video codecs. The way it all stacks up, normally on Android if you're writing a normal application you write to the media codecs which then talks over to Stagefright, which talks to OpenMx IL, which talks to the kernel, which eventually talks to the Qualcomm hardware, their little Venus video processor. So, we made some changes, we peeled away the top level, the top couple of things there, so, our remote rendering talks directly to the OpenMAX driver, which helps a little bit and gives us some more control, but there's actually a lot more on the table there. Where if we can get Qualcomm to open up or cooperate a little bit more at the lowest level, I really want to get down and write custom microcode on the Venus processor, because if we can do that, then we can do some alternate architectures where instead of sending full frames buffered up over and dealing with them like we do with the reprojection normally, we could treat it essentially like a remote monitor. We could be compressing things one scan line at a time over the huge bandwidth over USB so that it's coming in just 16 scan lines ahead of where it's gonna be drawn on the Quest and given that, we could actually beat Rift S in terms of motion-to-photon's latency, because Rift S uses an LCD which is global shutter so it has to scan the whole frame in, while Quest is an OLED with rolling shutter, which means that we have the possibility of being up to almost a frameless latency. So, that's a good chunk of different work that would need to be done there. We might even be able to do it without direct cooperation from Qualcomm if we wrote some custom GPU or DSP encoding for it. But instead, we did make the decision to do this in a more forward-looking way, because we know that we want Wi-Fi support and being able to do it over more variable conditions. So, right now, it does pull the entire frame over and then reproject it with time warp just like it was a local app. So, what this means is that attitude... Moving around with your head is just as good as any local application. But if you're translating side to side or especially with the controllers, you will notice a little bit more latency on it. It's a little bit worse than Rift S. And it also means that the quality is a little bit lower for two reasons, both because, it is compressed, so it's sending it across, it's compressing it down to 150-ish megabits per second to send over the wire, and then as always happens with the time warp stuff, it winds up resampling it one more time there
where we have possibility of going directly to the screen in some other ways that would be a little bit better. Still, I'm pretty proud of what we've done. I think it's significantly the best remote rendering experience relative to a half-dozen other things that people have tried for that. And so that's a good thing. Now, there was some internal debate about how the product user experience would be. You could imagine a highly-designed approach where your Rift apps just show up in your Quest library and you launch them from there, and it just launches it on Rift and it kind of works like a Quest app that's running on higher-powered hardware, but the alternate direction is to do what we did, which is to basically treat it like a Rift Q. It is basically treating the Quest as if it was just a Rift that was plugged into your PC. There's always gonna be some things that you wanna do on your desktop using dash rather than using just the applications there and it also gives us a pretty good clarity, but there's a chance that eventually we might shift things a little bit more towards running them directly but for now, I think we've made the right call and it just turns your Quest into a Rift. It's not necessarily the best user experience in some ways, but it gives you the most flexibility by far.
Now, as we move forward into the future with Quest, it is time for me to probably give a bit of a eulogy for Gear VR.
You know, it's been announced that...
That it's not gonna be available on the future Samsung phones. So while currently the software's fully supported, the days are numbered. And I do think that we missed an opportunity here. I invested a whole lot of effort into it and it's the foundation that we've built all the mobile things off of, but looking back, it's clear that we had huge unit volumes. I put in a request for Samsung for me to be able to actually say the number of headsets and activations, and they declined. But it's a large number, it's much larger than all of our other headsets. And it had good reviews, people liked it, but it was not retentive. The retention we have, you know, Quest up here, Rift S, Rift, Go and then Gear VR is way lower. So, it was the classic leaky bucket that growth companies are advised not to pour effort into, where we did pour a lot of money into the content there. There were significant amounts of money that was spent on content. And when I would look at a spreadsheet of where all of it went and some of the apps that did almost nothing, it's kind of sad to see that the money didn't really wind up getting much in the way of returns there.
And sometimes I would complain that I felt I didn't have as much support internally, that everybody was much more excited about Rift and standalones and so on. But there's a clear lesson here with this stark contrast of how much retention that we have on the same content on Go, and this really speaks again to the importance of friction and getting into the experience where I... We had other theories like, early on, the overheats were a problem. But in retrospect, the people that were overheating their phones into VR were playing VR and were having a good time and that wasn't really driving them away. There were concerns about people draining their battery, that's still an issue, people get anxious when they're draining their phone battery which is their lifeline to the Internet and everything. Far and away, I think the biggest issue was just the friction of getting into it. And I like to think that if you could magically hold your phone up in front of your face and it just transformed into a VR headset, we'd have 95% retention, it would be super amazing, but if you have to pop your phone out of its phone case and dock it into a Gear VR and put it on, you will use it twice. And we have lots of signal of people essentially doing that.
There's things that we could imagine doing to make it a better experience. The docking was fiddly, the mounting was fiddly, there's all sorts of software things that we could have done a lot better. In fact, I think Daydream's holder was a little bit better than the Gear VR holder, because it just let the phone fit in. It didn't have any active electronics on there. They sacrificed not having a touchpad or not having an integrated IMU, for being a little bit more drop-in and stretchy-strap the thing around there. We could've conceivably made a phone holder that... If we knew the specific size of the phone, we could protrude the eye cups a little bit so it would still work with a case. It'd be heavier there and a worst ergonomic experience, but we could've at least made it work to kill out that awful friction where again... The lessons we learned from this is it's almost always better to trade things to make it easier and faster to get into the experience.
Some of the other things that we had to compromise on as we supported broader and broader ranges of phones, the holder got less and less optimal for any specific one. The very first Gear VR with the Note 4, that slotted in nicer and it seemed to just generally feel a little bit better than the later universal holders that handled everything from the tiny little A-series phones, up to the giant Note phones and it also met compromises where to let the tiny phones fit in there we had to crop down the edges of the eye cups, where the Notes and the Galaxys could've had a wider field of view there and generally worked better. So, maybe the phone holder friction really was just insurmountable, but there were a few other directions that we might have tried. One path was that really early on, we had solid data showing that people playing games with joypads were having a better time, much more retentive, much more time spent, and all of that. We knew that the little touchpad was just not a great gaming interface. Although, it's interesting now on later systems, sometimes if you just wanna watch Netflix, you regret not having the touchpad there and having to fumble for a controller at some point. But clearly, it wasn't good for long-form entertainment experiences. We talked a lot about just, "Make a gamepad the default controller there." Because not only would that let you do good VR games, it would give us the possibility of leaning into traditional Android gaming in various ways. If you just said this was Android on a big screen for a lot of things and you could play Fortnite in your giant VR room, that would have some significant value. We actually got fairly far along with this to the point of having some prototypes built and they were neat... Like another company had done this but they slot in in the front where the phone goes. So, it's a combination lens protector as well as the actual joypad holder. But the problem was, we had designed a simplified gamepad controller, because internally, there was this thought that full-on gamepads were too complicated for the broad consumer base. And I'm pretty sure I can track some of this to an early story where Brendan was raising funds early on in Oculus and he was talking to some older investor venture capitalists demoing DK1 stuff and hands him a game controller and it was clear the old guy had never held an Xbox controller in his life. I think that scarred Brendan and influenced our strategy for a while there. But the nail in the coffin was it couldn't play Minecraft. Didn't have enough buttons to play Minecraft, so what was the point of doing that controller? And we wound up doing the pointer controller, which works out reasonably well for VR and was a reasonable path towards eventually having the six degree of freedom controllers, but that was one of the paths not taken. And the other major one would've been actually nailing all the immersive video or immersive media in general right. The whole 360 photos, 180 VR, 360 VR, all of this, there's enough value there. It frustrates me because we just have not stirred that pot correctly. I mean, why don't we have the Instagram of immersive media? We have so much stuff that people are amazed when they see it, or when they see it running in the quality that it should be in. And it just seems like we've had stuff sitting on the table that we just haven't really picked up. And there's... You know, the cameras have made amazing strides. I feel guilty about this, where the cameras have gone from the very first RICOH THETA to, you know, the push-button 5K, 60 frames-per-second cameras that are available now. Just massive progress there, where we've done very little on the content production, presentation, distribution, sharing side of things for that. We still have to solve all of that for our big headset. So, despite whether gaming and entertainment, whatever is the majority application, immersive media is absolutely one of the top three applications. And we have one prototype headset that, you know, might have been, you know, significant for this, where we had one headset built with these custom super wide-angle lenses that could use the full width of one of the Note or Galaxy phones. And watching, you know, Henry or Dear Angelica or some of the Felix & Paul things. They're well-produced media. It was really pretty amazing with that. And it would have been a little bit more expensive. That's another one of the data points that we've learned as we've done some of these product experiments where, at some point, when we're in tens of millions of users, all the very low price points are really gonna matter. But as we've seen now, Gear VR went from $99 to $129 with a controller and didn't do much of anything to any of the curbs for adoption.
And the last kind of direction that got talked about a lot in the kind of weaning days of this was doing a more sophisticated plug-in headset. The idea being that, "Okay, docking the phone is a complete pain. "It is the huge friction point, especially if you've got a case. "You know, what if you just kind of wired it down to your phone?" And that has... On the one hand, you say, "Well, you could just plug a Rift S into a phone, "write all the right software and drive it there." But it doesn't feel right to me. I mean, people have different opinions on this, but at that point, you're back to the very earliest days of Gear VR with something that just barely works, overheats all the time drains the battery down a whole lot. I was actually more excited about the possibility of doing an ultra-lightweight super comfortable headset. Really lean in on something that you felt like you could wear for hours on end and just had a better screen. If you just had a better screen, and it was, you know, kind of like a super Go plugged into your phone, I thought they could still be useful.
You know, as it is, the runtime, VR shell, all of our first party apps... I mean, all of these have carried through to Go and Quest and are foundation that we're building a lot of things on. And I am super happy now that with the Go compatibility layer, we have the ability to start running some of the old content on Quest now. Now, we made a really kind of timid first step with this. There's just some of the top 50 apps that have gone through QA, that are being released now. Because there are a lot of things that you have to worry about. Mapping the inputs is the primary one. But how well it handles six degree of freedom headset and controller motion. And some apps were written in such a way that it was written before Quest existed at all. But, you started up, and because they use the APIs in, sort of, the forward compatible way, they magically have six degree of freedom headset tracking and the go controller moves around in six degree of freedom when you're running it in emulation mode. But a lot of apps have a lot of problems. Like, the floor height is done wrong so the controller is down by your feet or there is a various things that are clipped off at the edges. There are some other internal reasons why that's a little bit problematic. But I'm... But this is... You know, I do very much want it to eventually open up to the entire catalog because I do care about kind of preservation and archiving. And, you know, I would like us to be more like Microsoft than Apple in this regard. You know, every program I ever wrote for iOS is lost to the ages now since Apple disabled 32-bit support. I don't want that to happen to the earliest VR apps. I want it to be possible to have a retro VR scene 20 years from now. You know, people trying the first consumer mobile VR apps. So, I'm...
So, I do get a bit sad, kind of thinking about the twilight of our product line, but then I go play some Beat Saber and I feel better about VR today.
VR, in my mind, is supposed to be all about being in this universal platform. It should be doing everything. And I get really irritated in our internal strategy sessions when we're, like, gaming focused or talking about separate media or enterprise SKUs and different things. But the gaming is our focus now and it's where we've got some real traction to be working on. So, I'll start with that application area. And one of the things that's really become clear playing a whole lot on Quest now is that the notion of immersion in VR is somewhat at odds with a lot of the really frantic intense things that you wind up doing, where the 6DOF controllers give you sort of a physicality and intensity that no other video game gives you. But you're really not that, you know, super immersed. It's more of a lizard brain immersion level. I mean, when you're going through, just, totally in the moment, focused on everything, and you've just done something amazing that your brain hasn't even caught up with it. You feel like you're channeling John Wick, dodging around things.
But then you're kind of, like, "Okay..." You're doing all of that but you're not in the wonder of the experience. You're under the gun, sweating and stressing about all of this. While the other side of things is... When I was playing the first Vader Immortal, and I kind of walked out onto that ledge, you know, overlooking the lava fields of Mustafar, and I just literally sat down cross-legged on my floor and soaked in the experience for a while. You know, this a really amazing thing. This is sort of the magic that people imagined on VR. You know, when people were thinking about VR in the '90s, that's more what they were thinking about. You know, not so much Beat Saber or SUPERHOT. Whatever. But there's clearly value in both of these. And I think developers should think about how to kind of bridge between them in some ways. Where it's actually kind of nice in SUPERHOT. You get done, you finally clear some world and all the stress drains away a little bit. You're back in the little computer room and you're peering around, looking at things and figuring out the pacing for that. Where you have this challenge in all game designs, but I think it's a little bit more so in VR when you can really have people tuned up to a higher level than you really do anywhere else. Another thing that was a little bit of a surprise for us is Quest started off saying, internally, it was all going to be about room scale. There was a period when we were saying every funded experience was a room scale experience because that was gonna be the differentiating thing that made Quest different than anything else that people would have. But it quickly dawned on us as we were going through all of this, that, one, not only did most people in the world, most potential customers really not have a room to be able to devote to VR. And if you say, it's like, "Well, you're gonna move things for VR." That puts popping your phone out of the phone holder to shame in terms of how much friction you're gonna add to the experience. We had to back off from that and find out that most of the best experiences really are things that require only modest movement. And I was happy to hear, like, SUPERHOT devs did a blog going about the same journey of building out big things and finding out it really worked out better and at keeping it a little closer and tighter together. Now, walking around in the big spaces is absolutely amazing. It is some of the richest stuff that you can do in VR. And, like, when I was playing Red Matter, which has all this great, glorious stuff to look at... We have a big room for demoing at Oculus in Dallas, and I traced out the whole wide Guardian there. And I wanted to just walk around in here, but even with a larger area than any normal person would have available, it was really limited, where I'd walk a little bit and I'd still have to turn and re-center and go back. And if I was in a stadium-sized area, it would've just been absolutely amazing. But, you know, I think that is the lesson that walking around, unless you've got something that's happening within a few feet, it turns out not to be a great game design part, and it may push a lot of people away. And in general, on graphics design, the advice I've been giving forever on mobile stuff about, "Don't try to push too hard on the graphics." Again, Red Matter is sort of an exception that proves the rule a bit where they pushed really hard on the graphics. Similarly with, like Daedalus on Gear VR before or on Go before. But in general, I see, for every Red Matter doing great jobs with all the shaders and keeping the frame rate up, I see a hundred applications that are missing frame rate when they shouldn't be, and would be better off by sticking with something a little bit more stylized and simpler approach.
Also, I do wish people would turn down the use of Fixed Foveated Rendering. Far too many games just have that cranked up to the maximum. It's like, "More's gonna be better." And then you wind up with the really ugly bits of anything resembling text that slides into a foveated region just then looks really, really bad. Do remember you could change that, zero cost, every frame. So, you can go ahead when you pull up your UI, turn it off completely so it looks good.
The other things, again, speaking to the huge success of Beat Saber, music and audio is one of the very best things you can do in VR because we have to make these struggles about graphics. The trade-offs, your quality versus your frame rate. But you could do music perfectly and you should. This is one of the very best things you could do. Similarly, voice acting is very inexpensive quality to put onto your game. I mean, yes, you have to worry about localization, but in many cases, even foreign voice acting with subtitles is going to add a level of polish to the experience that, you know, that just miming things around really doesn't. Similarly with positional audio. A couple of things I think people are still under-using is, animation is literally free from a performance standpoint. And seeing things happening very close in front of you, especially with 6DOF tracking, that sense of a private performance of something happening right in front of you is extremely high value for things. Adding character to the things that are in your world, actually demonstrating and performing things and letting it happen as you move around, this is under-utilized in VR today. And similarly, haptics is fairly new for a lot of the developers. Adding just a little thing... I tried to point out in the app reviews that anytime you have some explosion effect or something happening visually, you should always have it tied with strong audio, and you should also tie it with some form of haptics. I mean, blend the three senses together. And don't be subtle about it. There are... You can think about... Like, you're closing your eyes, thinking about the haptics, feeling exactly how it's doing, but people aren't doing that. You need to be smacking them in the hands with the haptics when you want something to be appreciated.
And there's... All of the normal kind of gaming things, load times, cloud saves. I mean, I have literally abandoned some games that have excessively long load times. It does matter. Everybody can point to things like Fortnite that takes 1.5 minutes to load on mobile and say, "It's the most popular game in the world." Or whatever. But that's not how you build an audience. Once you've got a large audience, you can start imposing on them more for various reasons. But when you're trying to get people to get over the hump to be attached to your game, it's really important to make it quick and easy to get into the game. Similarly with things that are long intro roles. One of the games that I was reviewing in the app reviews looked really good, but it had all of these slow roll-up to things. I'm like, "I'm skipping." And they're like, "No, don't skip. "We have neat stuff to show here." If it's not happening really immediately, faster than you think it needs to... Similarly, with a lot of immersive videos like, you know... I love the Felix & Paul Cirque du Soleil videos. But they take like a minute to get into the actual good stuff going on because they want to have their credit rolls and their cool logo treatments and everything. But, no, you just want to drop users into the fun stuff immediately. Seconds matter on all that. And I do think that there's revenue left on the table for a lot of developers thinking about, you should figure out ways to have more things to sell people. In VR, you're hopefully making a powerful impression on people. If you've done something good, have something else that they can buy to support you. If they had a great time, they're probably happy to. You know, if Beat Saber had 10 music packs on Quest, I would own all of them. And you get this to the extreme case of mobile games. Free-to-play games are known for being supported by the whales. I'm a whale on ComiXology. I have, like, 9,000 comic books that I bought there.
You want to be able to find... Get something like that going in VR, where whether you split it up and you've got five add-ons, different things you can do there. And try to have them ready initially. Like, when people first play the game. If you have it coming soon, you already have lost some people by the time you release them.
Now, the question of curation for our game development is a hot topic internally again, where the argument for it is that you want people to be able to go to the store and understand that everything in here is going to be quality. That nobody is going to buy something that they regret buying or have to file a refund that leaves a bad taste in their mouth.
I expect that, you know, this will be softened a little bit.
You know, I do favor more the Wild West side of things, but there's good arguments for this either way, where people can say, you know, Nintendo, for so long, was very successful with a very curated experience.
But we do have sort of a back door with the Go compatibility stuff now, where once we do finally get kind of everything up there, you can sort of write a Quest game as a Go and make dynamic decisions about things, but you will have no exposure in the store, no exposure through any of the kind of explorer things going on. But you can still take advantage of Quest features dynamically as a Go application.
And the non-VR content is another thing that historically... You know, I've always been waving this flag of... There's a trillion dollars worth of content that was built for other screens. And I just think it's completely unreasonable to pretend that people are gonna recreate all of the value in that content in VR specific applications. And it should be the universal platform. You should be able to do everything in VR. Ideally, just configuring your workspace however you want and sourcing content from everywhere. And there will be a point where the idea of the VR headset, it should be the best screen in the house that, you know, whatever other tablets, phones, screen, TVs that you use, you should be able to have the VR version that is better in some significant way. It'll be a while before we're hitting 4K TV levels, but in terms of convenience and a lot of things you can do with it, it should be there.
You know, we've come some distance. We have a limited selection of the Android apps in our Oculus TV application.
You know, we have the streaming trifecta now with Netflix, YouTube, Amazon Prime. I'm really happy we've got that. And I'm very excited now that we've got Fandango now for movies, including all of the 3-D movies. We're gonna have almost every 3-D movie ever made eventually available here. And it's not there yet, but we will finally have downloaded movies back, which is something that was a horrible regression from my point of view where before the VR shell days, we had downloading in our Oculus Video app for movies and we lost it and never got it back. So, finally, that's gonna be coming back, which is nice. And, you know, a little tip with the Fandango now, you can use movies anywhere to link your iTunes account. So, you know, for me, I've got a library of movies on iTunes. I was able to, now, for the first time ever, watch them in VR like I've wanted for years and years. I'm very happy about that. Now, dedicated 2-D game streaming. You know, people talking about Stadia and things like that. I've, for years, thought that there is absolutely a future in game streaming. Now, Oculus was founded by some people coming out of Gaikai and other companies that, you know, felt burned by it, had a more negative view of it. But I do think, like the Netflix kind of transition, at some point, it's almost inevitable. And I think that VR will be an excellent client for it. Where, in many cases, I make the point that most TVs that aren't put into game mode add more latency than the Internet would to your gameplay experience. So, people, you know, in VR, we control the display, we control all of that. It should be an excellent top-of-the-line client for any kind of game streaming. And there is enormous amounts of value there. So, I'm excited about eventually getting some of that. We don't have anything close enough in the works, but those are small, tightly-focused projects that can deliver a great deal of value. And for everything else in the world, the browser is the backstop. As a web experience for when you don't have the app for something, it's not available, and I'm super proud of our browser team, it's a small team and they've done a great job of having very high performance browser that stayed up to date with IM, the Chrome compatibility for things and we have general purpose DRM almost sorted out for the browser experience so even the high end media companies that still have web DRM, that should be coming to the VR browser relatively soon. I still wish that we had some little extra extensions to the web experience so that companies could easily do things like change the 3D environment or 360 photo behind the web screen and do some basic control of the VR environment, so it's just not a floating web screen, but you can add a little bit more to it.
That kind of ties in with the fixing of immersive media where, I've shown these Lighthouse experiences, like Henry and some of the work that I've done where it can look better than people are used to seeing and just last week or so, I've been working with NextVR on doing some specialized players for some of their content and everybody is just amazed at how this can look, even at bitrate that's amenable for streaming and the other thing on that side where everybody comes down to very conservative numbers like 10, 15 megabits something, looking at the stats for our userbase on Quest, half the people have 40-plus megabits and a quarter of the people have 80-plus megabits streaming to our headsets and that's with a very conservative estimate where you do multiple simultaneous streams and it can go much higher than that. There's possibility of streaming exquisitely high quality content to our existing headsets. We are not right now close to even saturating our displays in most cases. So, there's a lot more that can be done there. Now, there are so many applications that are thin wrappers around a little bit of immersive media and that does seem wasteful because none of them do the things right, almost none of them, in terms of getting it on layers, and getting the sRGB sampling, all the picky little things there. And it does feel like we want to move towards a world where more of that is done in the web where the web browser experience is better UI than practically every third-party application. It is on a layer with sRGB filtering at the right pixel scale and if you make a web UI, it's going to look better than whatever you cobble together in Unity. But right now, the options for playing immersive video is not great on the web. The web VR players that people use as a standard really do none of the things right in terms of the high quality things. So they work, but it's not the quality experience that I want to put forward ...
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